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nitrocellulose

[nahy-truh-sel-yuh-lohs] /ˌnaɪ trəˈsɛl yəˌloʊs/
noun, Chemistry
Origin
1880-1885
1880-85; nitro- + cellulose
Related forms
nitrocellulosic, nitrocellulous, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for nitrocellulose
  • The chemist went on to experiment with making aerogels from silica, nitrocellulose and rubber.
  • nitrocellulose is a highly-flammable chemical compound powder that is formed from nitric acid and cellulose.
  • The solubility of guncotton in a mixture of alcohol and ether was discovered a year after nitrocellulose was developed.
British Dictionary definitions for nitrocellulose

nitrocellulose

/ˌnaɪtrəʊˈsɛljʊˌləʊs/
noun
1.
another name (not in chemical usage) for cellulose nitrate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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nitrocellulose in Medicine

nitrocellulose ni·tro·cel·lu·lose (nī'trō-sěl'yə-lōs', -lōz')
n.
See cellulose nitrate.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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nitrocellulose in Science
nitrocellulose
  (nī'trō-sěl'yə-lōs')   
A pulpy or cottonlike polymer derived from cellulose treated with sulfuric and nitric acids. It is used in the manufacture of explosives, plastics, and solid propellants.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for nitrocellulose

a mixture of nitric esters of cellulose, and a highly flammable compound that is the main ingredient of modern gunpowder. Nitrocellulose is a fluffy white substance that retains some of the fibrous structure of untreated cellulose. It is not stable to heat, and even carefully prepared samples will ignite on brief heating to more than about 150 C (300 F). When nitrocellulose decomposes, it forms products that catalyze further decomposition; this reaction, if not stopped in time, results in an explosion

Learn more about nitrocellulose with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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