1630–40; oblige + -ing2

obligingly, adverb
obligingness, noun
unobliging, adjective

1. helpful, kind, friendly.
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verb (used with object), obliged, obliging.
to require or constrain, as by law, command, conscience, or force of necessity.
to bind morally or legally, as by a promise or contract.
to place under a debt of gratitude for some benefit, favor, or service: I'm much obliged for the ride.
to put (one) in a debt of gratitude, as by a favor or accommodation: Mr. Weems will oblige us with a song.
to make (an action, policy, etc.) necessary or obligatory: Your carelessness obliges firmness on my part.
verb (used without object), obliged, obliging.
to be kindly accommodating: I'll do anything within reason to oblige.

1250–1300; Middle English obligen < Old French obligier < Latin obligāre to bind. See obligate

obligedly [uh-blahy-jid-lee] , adverb
obligedness, noun
obliger, noun
preoblige, verb (used with object), preobliged, preobliging.
reoblige, verb (used with object), reobliged, reobliging.
unobliged, adjective

1. coerce, compel, constrain, force, oblige (see synonym study at the current entry) ; 2. obligate, oblige.

1. compel, force. 2. obligate. 4. Oblige, accommodate imply making a gracious and welcome gesture of some kind. Oblige emphasizes the idea of conferring a favor or benefit (and often of taking some trouble to do it): to oblige someone with a loan. Accommodate emphasizes doing a service or furnishing a convenience: to accommodate someone with lodgings and meals.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
oblige (əˈblaɪdʒ)
1.  (tr; often passive) to bind or constrain (someone to do something) by legal, moral, or physical means
2.  (tr; usually passive) to make indebted or grateful (to someone) by doing a favour or service: we are obliged to you for dinner
3.  to do a service or favour to (someone): she obliged the guest with a song
[C13: from Old French obliger, from Latin obligāre, from ob- to, towards + ligāre to bind]

obliging (əˈblaɪdʒɪŋ)
ready to do favours; agreeable; kindly

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, "to bind by oath," from O.Fr. obligier, from L. obligare, from ob "to" + ligare "to bind," from PIE base *leig- "to bind" (see ligament). Main modern meaning "to make (someone) indebted by conferring a benefit or kindness" is from 1560s.

"willing to do service or favors," 1630s, from oblige. Related: Obligingly.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Small and innovative firms began obliging them, and big firms increasingly felt forced to follow suit.
Governments are also obliging utilities to get involved in the business of energy efficiency.
And politicians, obliging creatures that they are, are eager to give the people what they want.
The boots made legs and feet feel heavy, encased, obliging then wearer to stand up straight.
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