operant conditioning

noun
conditioning ( def 1 ).

Origin:
1940–45

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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

operant conditioning n.
A process of behavior modification in which a subject is encouraged to behave in a desired manner through positive or negative reinforcement, so that the subject comes to associate the pleasure or displeasure of the reinforcement with the behavior.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Behavioral husbandry and operant conditioning allows us to keep the animals mentally exercised as well.
We were more interested in operant conditioning way back then.
The reward system is based on the educational notion of positive reinforcement and operant conditioning.
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