[awr-ee-en-teer-ing, ohr-]
a competitive sport, originating in Sweden, that tests the skills of map reading and cross-country running, in which competitors race through an unknown area to find various checkpoints by using only a compass and topographical map, the winner being the finisher with the lowest elapsed time.

alteration of Swedish orientering (conformed to -eer), equivalent to orienter(a) orient (v.) + -ing -ing1

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World English Dictionary
orienteering (ˌɔːrɪənˈtɪərɪŋ)
a sport in which contestants race on foot over a course consisting of checkpoints found with the aid of a map and a compass
[C20: from Swedish orientering; compare orient]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

in reference to a competitive sport, 1948, from orient (v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
It is our goal to have these same students help us design an orienteering course on hatchery property for public use.
Scavenger-hunt lists and maps for our self-guided orienteering lawn course are available at the visitor center.
Teachers learn basic orienteering skills and experience numerous sensory awareness activities.
Mountaineering, orienteering or similar outdoor experience a plus.
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