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other

[uhth -er] /ˈʌð ər/
adjective
1.
additional or further:
he and one other person.
2.
different or distinct from the one or ones already mentioned or implied: I'd like to live in some other city. The TV show follows the lives of people who are married, single, or other.
The application gives three gender choices—male, female, and other.
3.
different in nature or kind:
I would not have him other than he is.
4.
being the remaining one of two or more:
the other hand.
5.
(used with plural nouns) being the remaining ones of a number:
the other men; some other countries.
6.
former; earlier:
sailing ships of other days.
7.
not long past:
the other night.
noun
8.
the other one:
Each praises the other.
9.
none, the Other. Sometimes, the other.
  1. a group or member of a group that is perceived as different, foreign, strange, etc.:
    Prejudice comes from fear of the Other.
  2. a person or thing that is the counterpart of someone or something else:
    the role of the Other in the development of self.
pronoun
10.
Usually, others. other persons or things:
others in the medical profession.
11.
some person or thing else:
Surely some friend or other will help me.
adverb
12.
otherwise; differently (usually followed by than):
We can't collect the rent other than by suing the tenant.
Idioms
13.
every other, every alternate:
a meeting every other week.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English; Old English ōther (pronoun, adj., and noun); cognate with German ander, Gothic anthar; akin to Sanskrit antara-
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for others
  • others aboard were rescued, and the captain scuttled the sub because it could not be towed.
  • others see the purported event in a positive light, as heralding the dawn of a new era in human consciousness.
  • Not all whales get a lot of herring, but scientists aren't sure why some get more than others.
  • Some resemble ears of corn, clam shells, and bugs while others are abstract boxes or blobs.
  • others stand in a line above the pit with buckets woven from rubber inner tubes.
  • Some are crystal clear, others of smoky or colored quartz.
  • Some are ethnically diverse, while others are comprised mainly of one ethnic group.
  • others were conscripted for a limited time from local villages.
  • People with sharper senses of smell really have a nose for relating to others' emotions, new research suggests.
  • We want your vision to inspire others and show them what's at stake.
British Dictionary definitions for others

other

/ˈʌðə/
determiner
1.
  1. (when used before a sing noun, usually preceded by the) the remaining (one or ones in a group of which one or some have been specified): I'll read the other sections of the paper later
  2. the other, (as pronoun; functioning as sing): one walks while the other rides
2.
(a) different (one or ones from that or those already specified or understood): he found some other house, no other man but you, other days were happier
3.
additional; further: there are no other possibilities
4.
(preceded by every) alternate; two: it buzzes every other minute
5.
other than
  1. apart from; besides: a lady other than his wife
  2. different from: he couldn't be other than what he is Archaic form other from
6.
(archaic) no other, nothing else: I can do no other
7.
(preceded by a phrase or word with some) or other, used to add vagueness to the preceding pronoun, noun, noun phrase, or adverb: some dog or other bit him, he's somewhere or other
8.
other things being equal, conditions being the same or unchanged
9.
the other day, a few days ago
10.
the other thing, an unexpressed alternative
pronoun
11.
another: show me one other
12.
(pl) additional or further ones: the police have found two and are looking for others
13.
(pl) other people or things
14.
the others, the remaining ones (of a group): take these and leave the others
15.
(pl) different ones (from those specified or understood): they'd rather have others, not these See also each other, one another
adverb
16.
(usually used with a negative and foll by than) otherwise; differently: they couldn't behave other than they do
Word Origin
Old English ōther; related to Old Saxon āthar, ōthar, Old High German andar
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for others

other

adj.

Old English oþer "the second" (adj.), also as a pronoun, "one of the two, other," from Proto-Germanic *antharaz (cf. Old Saxon athar, Old Frisian other, Old Norse annarr, Middle Dutch and Dutch ander, Old High German andar, German ander, Gothic anþar "other").

These are from PIE *an-tero-, variant of *al-tero- "the other of two" (cf. Lithuanian antras, Sanskrit antarah "other, foreign," Latin alter), from root *al- "beyond" (see alias) + adjectival comparative suffix *-tero-. The Old English, Old Saxon, and Old Frisian forms show "a normal loss of n before fricatives" [Barnhart]. Meaning "different" is mid-13c.

Sense of "second" was detached from this word in English (which uses second, from Latin) and German (zweiter, from zwei "two") to avoid ambiguity. In Scandinavian, however, the second floor is still the "other" floor (e.g. Swedish andra, Danish anden). Also cf. Old English oþergeara "next year."

The other woman "a woman with whom a man begins a love affair while he is already committed" is from 1855. The other day originally (mid-12c.) was "the next day;" later (c.1300) "yesterday;" and now, loosely, "a day or two ago" (early 15c.). Phrase other half in reference to either the poor or the rich, is recorded from c.1600.

La moitié du monde ne sçayt comment l'aultre vit. [Rabelais, "Pantagruel," 1532]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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