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outrigger

[out-rig-er] /ˈaʊtˌrɪg ər/
noun
1.
a framework extended outboard from the side of a boat, especially, as in South Pacific canoes, supporting a float that gives stability.
2.
a bracket extending outward from the side of a racing shell, to support an oarlock.
3.
the shell itself.
4.
a spar rigged out from a ship's rail or the like, as for extending a sail.
5.
a long, flexible rod, attached to a fishing boat near the stern, along which a fishing line may be threaded to keep it clear of the boat's wake when trolling.
6.
a structure extending outward from a vehicle, vessel, or aircraft to increase stability or provide support for something.
7.
a projecting beam, as for supporting a hoisting tackle.
8.
a horizontal steel beam extending the base of a crane.
Origin of outrigger
1740-1750
1740-50; out- + rig + -er1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for outrigger

outrigger

/ˈaʊtˌrɪɡə/
noun
1.
a framework for supporting a pontoon outside and parallel to the hull of a boat to provide stability
2.
a boat equipped with such a framework, esp one of the canoes of the South Pacific
3.
any projecting framework attached to a boat, aircraft, building, etc, to act as a support
4.
(rowing) another name for rigger (sense 2)
Word Origin
C18: from out- + rig1 + -er1; perhaps influenced by archaic outligger outlier
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for outrigger
n.

device used in Pacific and Indian oceans to stabilize canoes, 1748, altered (by influence of rig) from outligger (late 15c.) "a spar projecting from a vessel," probably from the same root as Dutch uitlegger, literally "out-lyer."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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