simple past tense of overcome.
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verb (used with object), overcame, overcome, overcoming.
to get the better of in a struggle or conflict; conquer; defeat: to overcome the enemy.
to prevail over (opposition, a debility, temptations, etc.); surmount: to overcome one's weaknesses.
to overpower or overwhelm in body or mind, as does liquor, a drug, exertion, or emotion: I was overcome with grief.
Archaic. to overspread or overrun.
verb (used without object), overcame, overcome, overcoming.
to gain the victory; win; conquer: a plan to overcome by any means possible.

before 900; Middle English; Old English ofercuman. See over-, come

overcomer, noun
unovercome, adjective

1. vanquish. See defeat.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
overcome (ˌəʊvəˈkʌm)
vb , -comes, -coming, -came, -come
1.  (tr) to get the better of in a conflict
2.  (tr; often passive) to render incapable or powerless by laughter, sorrow, exhaustion, etc: he was overcome by fumes
3.  (tr) to surmount (obstacles, objections, etc)
4.  (intr) to be victorious

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

O.E. ofer-cuman "to reach, overtake," also "to conquer, prevail over," from ofer "over" + cuman "to come" (see come). A common Gmc. compound (cf. M.Du. overkomen, O.H.G. ubarqueman, Ger. überkommen). In ref. to mental or chemical force, "to overwhelm, render helpless,"
it is in late O.E. Meaning "to surmount" (a difficulty or obstacle) is from c.1200. The Civil Rights anthem "We Shall Overcome" was put together c.1950s from lyrics from Charles Tindley's spiritual "I'll Overcome Some Day" (1901), and melody from pre-Civil War spiritual "No More Auction Block for Me."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
They knew that their mothers were still a bit apprehensive, but their curiosity
  overcame them.
But in the end his fear of appearing fearful overcame his caution.
Now the intellectuals can start musing about the hidden strengths that overcame
  all those too-evident weaknesses.
The two researchers overcame these challenges through clever engineering.
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