above in place or position: the roof over one's head.
above and to the other side of: to leap over a wall.
above in authority, rank, power, etc., so as to govern, control, or have jurisdiction regarding: There is no one over her in the department now.
so as to rest on or cover; on or upon: Throw a sheet over the bed.
on or upon, so as to cause an apparent change in one's mood, attitude, etc.: I can't imagine what has come over her.
on or on top of: to hit someone over the head.
here and there on or in; about: at various places over the country.
through all parts of; all through: to roam over the estate; to show someone over the house.
to and fro on or in; across; throughout: to travel all over Europe.
from one side to the other of; to the other side of; across: to go over a bridge.
on the other side of; across: lands over the sea.
reaching higher than, so as to submerge: The water is over his shoulders.
in excess of; more than: over a mile; not over five dollars.
above in degree, quantity, etc.: a big improvement over last year's turnout.
in preference to: chosen over another applicant.
throughout the length of: The message was sent over a great distance.
until after the end of: to adjourn over the holidays.
throughout the duration of: over a long period of years.
in reference to, concerning, or about: to quarrel over a matter.
while engaged in or occupied with: to fall asleep over one's work.
via; by means of: He told me over the phone. I heard it over the radio.
beyond the top or upper surface or edge of something: a roof that hangs over.
so as to cover the surface, or affect the whole surface: The furniture was covered over with dust.
through a region, area, etc.: He was known the world over.
at some distance, as in a direction indicated: They live over by the hill.
from side to side; across; to the other side: to sail over.
across an intervening space: Toss the ball over, will you?
across or beyond the edge or rim: The soup boiled over. The bathtub ran over.
from beginning to end; throughout: to read a paper over; Think it over.
from one person, party, etc., to another: Hand the money over. He made the property over to his brother.
on the other side, as of a sea, a river, or any space: over in Japan.
so as to displace from an upright position: to knock over a glass of milk.
so as to put in the reversed position: She turned the bottle over. The dog rolled over.
once more; again: Do the work over.
in repetition or succession: twenty times over.
in excess or addition: to pay the full sum and something over.
in excess of or beyond a certain amount: Five goes into seven once, with two over.
throughout or beyond a period of time: to stay over till Monday.
to one's residence, office, or the like: Why don't you come over for lunch?
so as to reach a place across an intervening space, body of water, etc.: Her ancestors came over on the Mayflower
upper; higher up.
higher in authority, station, etc.
serving, or intended to serve, as an outer covering; outer.
remaining or additional, surplus; extra.
too great; excessive (usually used in combination): Insufficient tact and overaggressiveness are two of his problems.
ended; done; past: when the war was over.
an amount in excess or addition; extra.
Military. a shot that strikes or bursts beyond the target.
the number of balls, usually six, delivered between successive changes of bowlers.
the part of the game played between such changes.
verb (used with object)
to go or get over; leap over.
Southern U.S. to recover from.
(used in radio communications to signify that the sender has temporarily finished transmitting and is awaiting a reply or acknowledgment.) Compare out ( def 53 ).
all over,
over the entire surface of; everywhere: material printed all over with a floral design.
thoroughly; entirely.
finished: The war was all over and the soldiers came home.
all over with, ended; finished: It seemed miraculous that the feud was all over with.
over again, in repetition; once more: The director had the choir sing one passage over again.
over against. against ( def 13 ).
over and above, in addition to; besides: a profit over and above what they had anticipated.
over and over, several times; repeatedly: They played the same record over and over.
over the hill. hill ( def 11 ).
over there, Informal. (in the U.S. during and after World War I) in or to Europe: Many of the boys who went over there never came back.
over with, finished or done: Let's get this thing over with, so that we don't have to worry about it any more.

before 900; (adv., preposition) Middle English; Old English ofer; cognate with Dutch over, German ober; (adj.) Middle English over(e), orig. variant of uver(e) (E dial. uver; cf. love), Old English ufera (akin to ofer), assimilated to the adv. form; akin to Latin super, Greek hypér, Sanskrit upari. See up, hyper-

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a prefixal use of over, preposition, adverb, or adjective, occurring in various senses in compounds (overboard; overcoat; overhang; overlap; overlord; overrun; overthrow ), and especially employed, with the sense of “over the limit,” “to excess,” “too much,” “too,” to form verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and nouns (overact; overcapitalize; overcrowd; overfull; overmuch; oversupply; overweight ), and many others, mostly self-explanatory: a hyphen, which is commonly absent from old or well-established formations, is sometimes used in new coinages or in any words whose component parts it may be desirable to set off distinctly.

Middle English; Old English ofer-. See over

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
over (ˈəʊvə)
1.  directly above; on the top of; via the top or upper surface of: over one's head
2.  on or to the other side of: over the river
3.  during; through, or throughout (a period of time)
4.  in or throughout all parts of: to travel over England
5.  throughout the whole extent of: over the racecourse
6.  above; in preference to: I like that over everything else
7.  by the agency of (an instrument of telecommunication): we heard it over the radio
8.  more than: over a century ago
9.  on the subject of; about: an argument over nothing
10.  while occupied in: discussing business over golf
11.  having recovered from the effects of: she's not over that last love affair yet
12.  over and above added to; in addition to: he earns a large amount over and above his salary
13.  in a state, condition, situation, or position that is or has been placed or put over something: to climb over
14.  (particle) so as to cause to fall: knocking over a policeman
15.  at or to a point across intervening space, water, etc: come over and see us; over in America
16.  throughout a whole area: the world over
17.  (particle) from beginning to end, usually cursorily: to read a document over
18.  throughout a period of time: stay over for this week
19.  (esp in signalling and radio) it is now your turn to speak, act, etc
20.  more than is expected or usual: not over well
21.  over again once more
22.  over against
 a.  opposite to
 b.  contrasting with
23.  (often foll by again) over and over repeatedly
24.  over the odds
 a.  in addition, esp when not expected
 b.  unfair or excessive
25.  (postpositive) finished; no longer in progress: is the concert over yet?
adv, —adj
26.  remaining; surplus (often in the phrase left over)
27.  cricket
 a.  a series of six balls bowled by a bowler from the same end of the pitch
 b.  the play during this
[Old English ofer; related to Old High German ubir, obar, Old Norse yfir, Latin super, Greek huper]

1.  excessive or excessively; beyond an agreed or desirable limit: overcharge; overdue; oversimplify
2.  indicating superior rank: overseer
3.  indicating location or movement above: overhang
4.  indicating movement downwards: overthrow

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. ofer, from P.Gmc. *uberi (cf. O.S. obar, O.Fris. over, O.N. yfir, O.H.G. ubar, Ger. über, Goth. ufar "over, above"), from PIE *uper (see super-). Sense of "finished" is attested from late 14c. In radio communication, used to indicate the speaker has finished speaking
(1926). Widely used as a prefix in O.E. and other Germanic languages. Adjective phrase over-the-counter is attested from 1875, originally of stocks and shares.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases


In addition to the idioms beginning with over, also see all over (and entries beginning with all over); bend over backward; bind over; blow over; boil over; bowl over; carry over; check on (over); chew the cud (over); cloud over; come over; cross over; crow over; cry over spilt milk; do over; draw a veil over; drop by (over); fall all over; fork over; fuck over; get over; get the advantage of (over); give over; gloss over; go over; hand over; hand over fist; hang over; hash over; have a hold over; have it (all over someone); head over heels; hold over; honeymoon is over; in deep water (over one's head); it's all over with; jump all over; keel over; keep watch (over); kick over the traces; knock for a loop (over with a feather); knock over; lay over; look like death (warmed over); look over; lord it over; lose sleep over; make over; mind over matter; mull over; once over lightly; paper over; party's over; pass over; pick over; pull over; pull the wool over someone's eyes; put over; rake over the coals; ride roughshod over; roll over; roof over one's head; run one's eyes over; run over; scoot over; sign over; sleep over; smooth over; stand over; start over; stop off (over); take over; talk over; think over; throw over; tide over; till hell freezes over; turn in (over) one's grave; turn over; turn over a new leaf; walk all over; watch over; water over the dam; win over; work over.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
Students set up another free speech wall, this time taping over any language
  that could be deemed offensive.
His marketplace takes outsourcing, widely adopted by big business over the past
  decade, to the level of the individual worker.
From behind her, a beefy brute with a scar on his cheek clamps a meaty hand
  over her mouth.
Yoga retreats are held here, and it's been written up all over the place.
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