use or utilization, especially for profit: the exploitation of newly discovered oil fields.
selfish utilization: He got ahead through the exploitation of his friends.
the combined, often varied, use of public-relations and advertising techniques to promote a person, movie, product, etc.

1795–1805; < French; see exploit, -ation

exploitational, adjective
exploitationally, adverb
nonexploitation, noun
overexploitation, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin & History

1803, "productive working" of something, a positive word among those who used it first, though regarded as a Gallicism, from Fr. exploitation, from exploiter (see exploit (v.)). Bad sense developed by 1850s, in part from French, also perhaps influenced by U.S. anti-slavery
writing; the insulting word was hurled at activities it once had crowned as praise.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Many of these species are at risk from challenges such as overexploitation and
  climate change.
One is simple overexploitation of existing resources.
Loss of habitat, the effects of introduced species and overexploitation are all
  key threats.
As a result of this rampant overexploitation the once-common species could be
  driven into extinction in the next two decades.
Related Words
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