affected with, causing, or characterized by pain: a painful wound; a painful night; a painful memory.
laborious; exacting; difficult: a painful life.
Archaic. painstaking; careful.

1300–50; Middle English; see pain, -ful

painfully, adverb
painfulness, noun
overpainful, adjective
overpainfully, adverb
overpainfulness, noun
unpainful, adjective
unpainfully, adverb

1. distressing, torturing, agonizing, tormenting, excruciating. 2. arduous.

2. easy. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To painful
World English Dictionary
painful (ˈpeɪnfʊl)
1.  causing pain; distressing: a painful duty
2.  affected with pain: a painful leg
3.  tedious or difficult
4.  informal extremely bad: a painful performance

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Example sentences
Maybe readers tune biblical scholarship out because it is incomprehensibly
  specialized and physically painful to read.
The sheer length of the hearings would be physically painful.
Done with razor blades, the painful process starts at puberty and continues
  into adulthood.
Get a close-up view of the bizarre, sometimes painful, courtship rituals of
  dragonflies in this feature.
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