paradigm

[par-uh-dahym, -dim]
noun
1.
Grammar.
a.
a set of forms all of which contain a particular element, especially the set of all inflected forms based on a single stem or theme.
b.
a display in fixed arrangement of such a set, as boy, boy's, boys, boys'.
2.
an example serving as a model; pattern. mold, standard; ideal, paragon, touchstone.
3.
a.
a framework containing the basic assumptions, ways of thinking, and methodology that are commonly accepted by members of a scientific community.
b.
such a cognitive framework shared by members of any discipline or group: the company’s business paradigm.

Origin:
1475–85; < Late Latin paradīgma < Greek parádeigma pattern (verbid of paradeiknýnai to show side by side), equivalent to para- para-1 + deik-, base of deiknýnai to show (see deictic) + -ma noun suffix

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paradigm (ˈpærəˌdaɪm)
 
n
1.  grammar the set of all the inflected forms of a word or a systematic arrangement displaying these forms
2.  a pattern or model
3.  a typical or stereotypical example (esp in the phrase paradigm case)
4.  (in the philosophy of science) a very general conception of the nature of scientific endeavour within which a given enquiry is undertaken
 
[C15: via French and Latin from Greek paradeigma pattern, from paradeiknunai to compare, from para-1 + deiknunai to show]
 
paradigmatic
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

paradigm
late 15c., from L.L. paradigma "pattern, example," especially in grammar, from Gk. paradeigma "pattern, model," from paradeiknynai "exhibit, represent," lit. "show side by side," from para- "beside" + deiknynai "to show" (cognate with L. dicere "to show;" see diction). Related: Paradigmatic.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Until then, rose fanciers should consider the following paradigms.
Past financial crises spurred new intellectual paradigms.
Such revolutions are usually preceded by major controversies between
  incommensurate paradigms.
Granted, these all-volunteer bodies are seldom paradigms of efficiency.
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