verb (used with object)
to boil partially or for a short time; precook.

1400–50; late Middle English parboylen to boil partly, (rarely) to boil fully < Middle French parboillir < Late Latin perbullīre to boil through and through (see per-, boil); change of meaning by confusion of par- with part Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
parboil (ˈpɑːˌbɔɪl)
1.  to boil until partially cooked, often before further cooking
2.  to subject to uncomfortable heat
[C15: from Old French parboillir, from Late Latin perbullīre to boil thoroughly (see per-, boil1); modern meaning due to confusion of par- with part]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1381, from O.Fr. parboillir, from M.L. perbullire "to boil thoroughly," from L. per "through, thoroughly" + bullire "to boil" (see boil (v.)). Main modern meaning "boil partially" (c.1440) is by mistaken association of the prefix with part.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Parboil roe in salted, acidulated water twenty minutes.
Parboil the purslane for a few minutes, then layer purslane and sliced eggs as many times as possible, ending with the purslane.
Parboil cabbage in a large pot, removing leafs as they fall off into the water and are tender.
Temporarily, the cartons are burned at a local rice mill and used for fuel to parboil unhusked rice.
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