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partial

[pahr-shuh l] /ˈpɑr ʃəl/
adjective
1.
being such in part only; not total or general; incomplete:
partial blindness; a partial payment of a debt.
2.
biased or prejudiced in favor of a person, group, side, etc., over another, as in a controversy:
a partial witness.
3.
pertaining to or affecting a part.
4.
being a part; component; constituent.
5.
Botany. secondary or subordinate:
a partial umbel.
noun
6.
Bridge. part-score.
7.
Acoustics, Music. partial tone.
Idioms
8.
partial to, having a liking or preference for; particularly fond of:
I'm partial to chocolate cake.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English parcial biased, particular < Middle French < Late Latin partiālis pertaining to a part, equivalent to Latin parti- (stem of pars) part + -ālis -al1
Related forms
partially, adverb
partialness, noun
nonpartial, adjective
nonpartially, adverb
overpartial, adjective
overpartially, adverb
overpartialness, noun
Can be confused
partially, partly.
Synonyms
1. unfinished, imperfect, limited. 2. one-sided, unfair, unjust.
Antonyms
1, 3. complete. 2. unbiased, fair.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for partialness

partial

/ˈpɑːʃəl/
adjective
1.
relating to only a part; not general or complete a partial eclipse
2.
biased a partial judge
3.
(postpositive) foll by to. having a particular liking (for)
4.
(botany)
  1. constituting part of a larger structure a partial umbel
  2. used for only part of the life cycle of a plant a partial habitat
  3. (of a parasite) not exclusively parasitic
5.
(maths) designating or relating to an operation in which only one of a set of independent variables is considered at a time
noun
6.
(music, acoustics) Also called partial tone. any of the component tones of a single musical sound, including both those that belong to the harmonic series of the sound and those that do not
7.
(maths) a partial derivative
Derived Forms
partially, adverb
partialness, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French parcial, from Late Latin partiālis incomplete, from Latin parspart
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for partialness
partial
early 15c., "one-sided, biased," from O.Fr. parcial (14c.), from M.L. partialis "divisible, solitary, partial," from L. pars (gen. partis) "part" (see part (n.)). Sense of "not whole, incomplete" is attested from mid-15c. (implied in partially "incompletely").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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