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pavilion

[puh-vil-yuh n] /pəˈvɪl yən/
noun
1.
a light, usually open building used for shelter, concerts, exhibits, etc., as in a park or fair.
2.
any of a number of separate or attached buildings forming a hospital or the like.
3.
Architecture. a projecting element of a façade, used especially at the center or at each end and usually treated so as to suggest a tower.
4.
a tent, especially a large and elaborate one.
5.
a small, ornamental building in a garden.
6.
Also called base. Jewelry. the part of a cut gem below the girdle.
verb (used with object)
7.
to shelter in or as if in a pavilion.
8.
to furnish with pavilions.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English pavilon < Old French paveillon < Latin pāpiliōn- (stem of pāpiliō) butterfly
Related forms
unpavilioned, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for pavilion
  • We then all congregate in the pavilion and drink a beer or two while dissecting key moments from the day's action.
  • The existing pavilion will remain open during construction and is to be demolished when the new site is completed.
  • See how a couple turned bare ground into an airy pavilion for feasting more.
  • We are standing behind his little house in a rough, open pavilion strung with ropes.
  • Cricket now employs the third umpire, who adjudicates on run-outs by watching replays on a television set in the pavilion.
  • The festivities all take place in a pavilion beneath towering, golden-leaved poplars.
  • The result is a sheltered but almost seamless house that resembles an airy garden pavilion.
  • Symmetrical wings flank a grand pavilion and arched entryway with a marquee.
  • They were married in a pavilion filled with flowers.
  • Even the butterfly pavilion has some interesting information about co-evolution between insects and plants.
British Dictionary definitions for pavilion

pavilion

/pəˈvɪljən/
noun
1.
(Brit) a building at a sports ground, esp a cricket pitch, in which players change
2.
a summerhouse or other decorative shelter
3.
a building or temporary structure, esp one that is open and ornamental, for housing exhibitions
4.
a large ornate tent, esp one with a peaked top, as used by medieval armies
5.
one of a set of buildings that together form a hospital or other large institution
6.
one of four main facets on a brilliant-cut stone between the girdle and the culet
verb (transitive) (literary)
7.
to place or set in or as if in a pavilion: pavilioned in splendour
8.
to provide with a pavilion or pavilions
Word Origin
C13: from Old French pavillon canopied structure, from Latin pāpiliō butterfly, tent
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pavilion
n.

c.1200, "large, stately tent," from Old French paveillon "large tent; butterfly" (12c.), from Latin papilionem (nominative papilio) "butterfly, moth," in Medieval Latin "tent" (see papillon); the type of tent so called on resemblance to wings. Meaning "open building in a park, etc., used for shelter or entertainment" is attested from 1680s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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pavilion in the Bible

a tent or tabernacle (2 Sam. 22:12; 1 Kings 20:12-16), or enclosure (Ps. 18:11; 27:5). In Jer. 43:10 it probably denotes the canopy suspended over the judgement-seat of the king.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for pavilion

light temporary or semipermanent structure used in gardens and pleasure grounds. Although there are many variations, the basic type is a large, light, airy garden room with a high-peaked roof resembling a canopy. It was originally erected, like the modern canvas marquee, for special occasions such as fetes, garden banquets, and balls, but it became more permanent, and by the late 17th century the word was used for any garden building designed for use on special occasions.

Learn more about pavilion with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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