a member of a class of persons, as in Europe, Asia, and Latin America, who are small farmers or farm laborers of low social rank.
a coarse, unsophisticated, boorish, uneducated person of little financial means.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of peasants or their traditions, way of life, crafts, etc.
of or designating a style of clothing modeled on the folk costumes of Western cultures, especially women's full-sleeved, round-necked blouses and long, full skirts.

1375–1425; late Middle English paissaunt < Anglo-French paisant, Old French païsant, earlier païsenc, equivalent to païs country (< Late Latin pāgēnsis, equivalent to Latin pāg(us) country district + -ēnsis -ensis) + -enc < Germanic (see -ing3)

peasantlike, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
peasant (ˈpɛzənt)
1.  a.  a member of a class of low social status that depends on either cottage industry or agricultural labour as a means of subsistence
 b.  (as modifier): peasant dress
2.  informal a person who lives in the country; rustic
3.  informal an uncouth or uncultured person
[C15: from Anglo-French, from Old French païsant, from païs country, from Latin pāgus rural area; see pagan]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1410, from Anglo-Fr. paisant (1341), O.Fr. paisent (12c.), earlier paisenc, from pais "country, region" + Frank. suffix -enc "-ing." Pais is from L.L. pagensis "inhabitant of the district," from L. pagus "country or rural district" (see pagan). Peasantry is attested from c.1553.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

peasant definition

A farmer or agricultural worker of low status. The word is applied chiefly to agricultural workers in Asia, Europe, and South America, who generally adhere to traditional agricultural practices and have little social mobility or freedom.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Though a peasant-farmer group plans a protest next week, the opposition is now
  likely to pause and try to reorganise.
Fox was forced to abandon those plans by peasant farmers living there.
Most new profs live in a manner befitting a peasant.
The president's promises have encouraged both genuine peasant groups and
  opportunists to invade farms.
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