[pen-tam-i-ter] Prosody.
a line of verse consisting of five metrical feet.
Also called elegiac pentameter. Classical Prosody. a verse consisting of two dactyls, one long syllable, two more dactyls, and another long syllable.
unrhymed verse of five iambic feet; heroic verse.
consisting of five metrical feet.

1540–50; < Latin pentametrus < Greek pentámetros. See penta-, meter2

pentametrist, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
pentameter (pɛnˈtæmɪtə)
1.  a verse line consisting of five metrical feet
2.  (in classical prosody) a verse line consisting of two dactyls, one stressed syllable, two dactyls, and a final stressed syllable
3.  designating a verse line consisting of five metrical feet

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1546, from M.Fr. pentametre, from L. pentameter, from Gk. pentametros (adj.) "having five measures," from pente "five" + metron "meter" (see meter (2)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


in poetry, a line of verse containing five metrical feet. In English verse, in which pentameter has been the predominant metre since the 16th century, the preferred foot is the iamb-i.e., an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one, represented in scansion as .

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
And what romanticism did was to set the pentameter minuet aside and try to recover the older, more basic ballad rhythm.
For her drama students, iambic pentameter competes against the racket of truck deliveries and the aroma of cookies baking.
The lines are rather dramatically broken, but they still scan as pentameter if
  you take away those breaks.
She has used blank verse, primarily: unrhymed iambic pentameter.
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