personality

[pur-suh-nal-i-tee]
noun, plural personalities.
1.
the visible aspect of one's character as it impresses others: He has a pleasing personality.
2.
a person as an embodiment of a collection of qualities: He is a curious personality.
3.
Psychology.
a.
the sum total of the physical, mental, emotional, and social characteristics of an individual.
b.
the organized pattern of behavioral characteristics of the individual.
4.
the quality of being a person; existence as a self-conscious human being; personal identity.
5.
the essential character of a person.
6.
something apprehended as reflective of or analogous to a distinctive human personality, as the atmosphere of a place or thing: This house has a warm personality.
7.
a famous, notable, or prominent person; celebrity.
8.
application or reference to a particular person or particular persons, often in disparagement or hostility.
9.
a disparaging or offensive statement referring to a particular person: The political debate deteriorated into personalities.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English personalite (< Middle French) < Late Latin persōnālitās. See personal, -ity


1. See character.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
personality (ˌpɜːsəˈnælɪtɪ)
 
n , pl -ties
1.  psychol the sum total of all the behavioural and mental characteristics by means of which an individual is recognized as being unique
2.  the distinctive character of a person that makes him socially attractive: a salesman needs a lot of personality
3.  a well-known person in a certain field, such as sport or entertainment
4.  a remarkable person: the old fellow is a real personality
5.  the quality of being a unique person
6.  the distinctive atmosphere of a place or situation
7.  (often plural) a personal remark

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

personality
late 14c., "quality or fact of being a person," from M.L. personalitatem (nom. personalitas), from L. personalis (see personal). Sense of "a distinctive character" is first recorded 1795, from Fr. personnalité.
"Personality is the supreme realization of the innate idiosyncrasy of a living being. It is an act of courage flung in the face of life, the absolute affirmation of all that constitutes the individual, the most successful adaptation to the universal conditions of existence, coupled with the greatest possible freedom of self-determination." [C.G. Jung, 1875-1961]
Meaning "person whose character stands out from that of others" is from 1889. Personality cult is attested from 1956.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

personality per·son·al·i·ty (pûr'sə-nāl'ĭ-tē)
n.

  1. The quality or condition of being a person.

  2. The totality of qualities and traits, as of character or behavior, that are peculiar to a specific person.

  3. The pattern of collective character, behavioral, temperamental, emotional, and mental traits of a person.

  4. Distinctive qualities of a person, especially those personal characteristics that make one socially appealing.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

personality definition


The pattern of feelings, thoughts, and activities that distinguishes one person from another.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Nor are they merely the result of individual owners' personality traits.
Personality and character are revealed less in words than in action.
Oh, he's for real, with all the opposing personality traits that you can
  mention.
Studies of personality traits may offer clues about why the rescue was so
  widely supported.
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