petrifaction

[pe-truh-fak-shuhn]
noun
1.
the act or process of petrifying; the state of being petrified.
2.
something petrified.
Also, petrification [pe-truh-fi-key-shuhn] .


Origin:
1640–50; petri- + -faction < Latin factiōn- (stem of factiō) a making. See petrify, faction

petrifactive, adjective
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World English Dictionary
petrifaction or petrification (ˌpɛtrɪˈfækʃən, ˌpɛtrɪfɪˈkeɪʃən)
 
n
1.  the act or process of forming petrified organic material
2.  the state of being petrified
 
petrification or petrification
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

petrifaction pet·ri·fac·tion (pět'rə-fāk'shən) or pet·ri·fi·ca·tion (-fĭ-kā'shən)
n.
A process of fossilization in which dissolved minerals replace organic matter.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
petrifaction (pět'rə-fāk'shən) also petrification   (pět'rə-fāk'shən)  Pronunciation Key 
The process by which organic materials are turned into rock. Petrifaction occurs when water that is rich with inorganic minerals, such as calcium carbonate or silica, passes slowly through organic matter, such as wood or bone, replacing its cellular structure with minerals.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
What is popularly known as the petrifaction of human bodies, is by no means a
  rare phenomenon.
Her petrifaction was such that it was as if her blood had swollen her veins to
  the bursting point so that she couldn't breathe.
Now his time has come, and you sit there staring in petrifaction at this human
  cobra.
After the bodies were covered by mud and the fleshy parts decomposed,
  petrifaction began.
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