philology

[fi-lol-uh-jee]
noun
1.
the study of literary texts and of written records, the establishment of their authenticity and their original form, and the determination of their meaning.
2.
(especially in older use) linguistics, especially historical and comparative linguistics.
3.
Obsolete. the love of learning and literature.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English philologie < Latin philologia < Greek philología love of learning and literature, equivalent to philólog(os) literary, studious, argumentative + -ia -y3. See philo-, -logy

philological [fil-uh-loj-i-kuhl] , philologic, adjective
philologically, adverb
philologist, philologer, noun
nonphilologic, adjective
nonphilological, adjective
unphilologic, adjective
unphilological, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
philology (fɪˈlɒlədʒɪ)
 
n
1.  comparative and historical linguistics
2.  the scientific analysis of written records and literary texts
3.  (no longer in scholarly use) the study of literature in general
 
[C17: from Latin philologia, from Greek: love of language]
 
philological
 
adj
 
philo'logically
 
adv
 
phi'lologist
 
n
 
phi'lologer
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

philology
late 14c., "love of learning," from O.Fr. philologie, from L. philologia "love of learning, love of letters," from Gk. philologia "love of discussion, learning, and literature," from philo- "loving" + logos "word, speech." Meaning "science of language" is first attested 1716; this confusing secondary
sense has never been popular in the U.S., where linguistics (q.v.) is preferred.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

philology

a term now rarely used but once applied to the study of language and literature. Nowadays a distinction is usually made between literary and linguistic scholarship, and the term philology, where used, means the study of language-i.e., linguistics (q.v.). It survives in the titles of a few learned journals that date to the 19th century. Comparative philology was a former name for what is now called comparative linguistics (q.v.).

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Not being into philology puts me at a disadvantage with those who may easily grasp the influence of languages on thought.
In so doing, it has always favored philology and archaeology, all the while avoiding the more capacious domain of hermeneutics.
Their studies were the same, philosophy and philology.
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