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pike1

[pahyk] /paɪk/
noun, plural (especially collectively) pike (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) pikes.
1.
any of several large, slender, voracious freshwater fishes of the genus Esox, having a long, flat snout: the blue pike of the Great Lakes is now extinct.
2.
any of various superficially similar fishes, as the walleye or pikeperch.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English; so called from its pointed snout (see pike5)
Related forms
pikelike, adjective

pike2

[pahyk] /paɪk/
noun
1.
a shafted weapon having a pointed head, formerly used by infantry.
verb (used with object), piked, piking.
2.
to pierce, wound, or kill with or as with a pike.
Origin
1505-15; < Middle French pique, feminine variant of pic pick2 < Germanic. See pike5, pique1

pike3

[pahyk] /paɪk/
noun
1.
a toll road or highway; turnpike road.
2.
a turnpike or tollgate.
3.
the toll paid at a tollgate.
Idioms
4.
come down the pike, Informal. to appear or come forth:
the greatest idea that ever came down the pike.
Origin
1820-30, Americanism; short for turnpike

pike4

[pahyk] /paɪk/
noun, Chiefly British
1.
a hill or mountain with a pointed summit.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English; special use of pike5; compare Old English hornpīc pinnacle

pike5

[pahyk] /paɪk/
noun
1.
a sharply pointed projection or spike.
2.
the pointed end of anything, as of an arrow or a spear.
Origin
before 900; Middle English pik pick, spike, (pilgrim's) staff, Old English pīc pointed tool. See pick2

pike6

[pahyk] /paɪk/
verb (used without object), piked, piking. Older Slang.
1.
to go, leave, or move along quickly.
Origin
1425-75; late Middle English pyke (reflexive); perhaps orig. to equip oneself with a walking stick. See pike5

pike7

[pahyk] /paɪk/
noun, Diving, Gymnastics.
1.
a body position, resembling a V shape, in which the back and head are bent forward and the legs lifted and held together, with the hands touching the feet or backs of the knees or the arms extended sideways.
Compare layout (def 10), tuck1 (def 13).
Origin
1955-60; perhaps special use of pike1

Pike

[pahyk] /paɪk/
noun
1.
James Albert, 1913–69, U.S. Protestant Episcopal clergyman, lawyer, and author.
2.
Zebulon Montgomery
[zeb-yoo-luh n] /ˈzɛb yʊ lən/ (Show IPA),
1779–1813, U.S. general and explorer.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for pike
  • Pickerel is a carnivorous freshwater fish, a member of the pike family.
  • There's some cool new refrigeration technology coming down the pike.
  • Northern pike are top predators with long torpedo shaped bodies built for speed.
  • Loved and hated, the northern pike has both detractors and fans.
British Dictionary definitions for pike

pike1

/paɪk/
noun (pl) pike, pikes
1.
any of several large predatory freshwater teleost fishes of the genus Esox, esp E. lucius (northern pike), having a broad flat snout, strong teeth, and an elongated body covered with small scales: family Esocidae
2.
any of various similar fishes
Word Origin
C14: short for pikefish, from Old English pīc point, with reference to the shape of its jaw

pike2

/paɪk/
noun
1.
a medieval weapon consisting of an iron or steel spearhead joined to a long pole, the pikestaff
2.
a point or spike
verb
3.
(transitive) to stab or pierce using a pike
Word Origin
Old English pīc point, of obscure origin

pike3

/paɪk/
noun
1.
short for turnpike (sense 1)

pike4

/paɪk/
noun
1.
(Northern English, dialect) a pointed or conical hill
Word Origin
Old English pīc, of obscure origin

pike5

/paɪk/
adjective
1.
(of the body position of a diver) bent at the hips but with the legs straight
Word Origin
C20: of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pike
n.

"highway," 1812 shortening of turnpike.

"weapon with a long shaft and a pointed metal head," 1510s, from Middle French pique "a spear; pikeman," from piquer "to pick, puncture, pierce," from Old French pic "sharp point or spike," a general continental term (cf. Spanish pica, Italian picca, Provençal piqua), perhaps ultimately from a Germanic [Barnhart] or Celtic source (see pike (n.4)). Alternative explanation traces the Old French word (via Vulgar Latin *piccare "to prick, pierce") to Latin picus "woodpecker." "Formerly the chief weapon of a large part of the infantry; in the 18th c. superseded by the bayonet" [OED]; hence old expressions such as pass through pikes "come through difficulties, run the gauntlet;" push of pikes "close-quarters combat." German Pike, Dutch piek, Danish pik, etc. are from French pique.

"voracious freshwater fish," early 14c., probably short for pike-fish, a special use of pike (n.2) in reference to the fish's long, pointed jaw, and in part from French brochet "pike" (fish), from broche "a roasting spit."

"pick used in digging," Middle English pik, pyk, collateral (long-vowel) form of pic (source of pick (n.1)), from Old English piic "pointed object, pickaxe," perhaps from a Celtic source (cf. Gaelic pic "pickaxe," Irish pice "pike, pitchfork"). Extended early 13c. to "pointed tip" of anything. Pike, pick, and pitch formerly were used indifferently in English. Pike position in diving, gymnastics, etc., attested from 1928, perhaps on the notion of "tapering to a point."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for pike

pike

Related Terms

come down the pike


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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