a high-speed highway, especially one maintained by tolls.
(formerly) a barrier set across such a highway to stop passage until a toll has been paid; tollgate.

1375–1425; late Middle English turnepike road barrier (in def. 1, short for turnpike road). See turn, pike2

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
turnpike (ˈtɜːnˌpaɪk)
1.  (between the mid-16th and late 19th centuries)
 a.  gates or some other barrier set across a road to prevent passage until a toll had been paid
 b.  a road on which a turnpike was operated
2.  an obsolete word for turnstile
3.  (US) a motorway for use of which a toll is charged
[C15: from turn + pike²]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1420, "spiked road barrier used for defense," from turn + pike (2) "shaft." Sense transf. to "horizontal cross of timber, turning on a vertical pin" (1547), which were used to bar horses from foot roads. This led to the sense of "barrier to stop
passage until a toll is paid" (1678). Meaning "road with a toll gate" is from 1748, shortening of turnpike road (1745).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Dotter pulled off the turnpike in the middle of nowhere.
Troopers said the car overturned several times and was upside down along the turnpike when it was found.
To and from work commuters may be a more reasonable market for fast charge stations than turnpike or shopping center trips.
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