|1.||the holding by a single person of more than one ecclesiastical benefice or office|
|2.||sociol a theory of society as several autonomous but interdependent groups which either share power or continuously compete for power|
|3.||the existence in a society of groups having distinctive ethnic origin, cultural forms, religions, etc|
|4.||a theory that views the power of employers as being balanced by the power of trade unions in industrial relations such that the interests of both sides can be catered for|
|a. monism Compare dualism the metaphysical doctrine that reality consists of more than two basic types of substance|
|b. monism Compare absolutism the metaphysical doctrine that reality consists of independent entities rather than one unchanging whole|
A conviction that various religious, ethnic, racial, and political groups should be allowed to thrive in a single society. In metaphysics, pluralism can also mean an alternative to dualism and monism. A pluralist asserts that there are more than two kinds of principles, whereas the dualist maintains there are only two and a monist only one.