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poaching

[poh-ching] /ˈpoʊ tʃɪŋ/
noun
1.
the illegal practice of trespassing on another's property to hunt or steal game without the landowner's permission.
2.
any encroachment on another's property, rights, ideas, or the like.
Origin of poaching
1605-1615
1605-15; poach1 + -ing1
Related forms
antipoaching, adjective

poach1

[pohch] /poʊtʃ/
verb (used without object)
1.
to trespass, especially on another's game preserve, in order to steal animals or to hunt.
2.
to take game or fish illegally.
3.
(of land) to become broken up or slushy by being trampled.
4.
(in tennis, squash, handball, etc.) to play a ball hit into the territory of one's partner that is properly the partner's ball to play.
5.
Informal. to cheat in a game or contest.
verb (used with object)
6.
to trespass on (private property), especially in order to hunt or fish.
7.
to steal (game or fish) from another's property.
8.
to take without permission and use as one's own:
to poach ideas; a staff poached from other companies.
9.
to break or tear up by trampling.
10.
to mix with water and reduce to a uniform consistency, as clay.
Origin
1520-30; earlier: to shove, thrust < Middle French pocher to gouge < Germanic; akin to poke1
Related forms
poachable, adjective

poach2

[pohch] /poʊtʃ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to cook (eggs, fish, fruits, etc.) in a hot liquid that is kept just below the boiling point.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English poche < Middle French pocher literally, to bag (the yolk inside the white), derivative of poche bag (French poche pocket) < Middle Dutch poke poke2
Related forms
poachable, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for poaching
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • They pretend there's a right of way along the cliffs, and it's nothing on earth but an excuse for poaching.

    A Fortunate Term Angela Brazil
  • Eggs for poaching should be perfectly fresh, or they will not keep a nice shape.

    The Skilful Cook Mary Harrison
  • This was poaching on his own ground, for he set himself up to be the match of any number in the land.

    The Yotsuya Kwaidan or O'Iwa Inari James S. De Benneville
  • I took thee for an angler, and thou art but a poaching knave!

    Angling Sketches Andrew Lang
  • Yet once she did feel a little as if Cynthia were poaching on her manor.

    Wives and Daughters Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell
British Dictionary definitions for poaching

poach1

/pəʊtʃ/
verb
1.
to catch (game, fish, etc) illegally by trespassing on private property
2.
to encroach on or usurp (another person's rights, duties, etc) or steal (an idea, employee, etc)
3.
(tennis, badminton) to take or play (shots that should belong to one's partner)
4.
to break up (land) into wet muddy patches, as by riding over it, or (of land) to become broken up in this way
5.
(intransitive) (of the feet, shoes, etc) to sink into heavy wet ground
Word Origin
C17: from Old French pocher, of Germanic origin; compare Middle Dutch poken to prod; see poke1

poach2

/pəʊtʃ/
verb
1.
to simmer (eggs, fish, etc) very gently in water, milk, stock, etc
Word Origin
C15: from Old French pochier to enclose in a bag (as the yolks are enclosed by the whites); compare poke²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for poaching

poach

v.

"steal game," 1520s, "to push, poke," from Middle French pocher "to thrust, poke," from Old French pochier "poke out, gouge, prod, jab," from a Germanic source (cf. Middle High German puchen "to pound, beat, knock," German pochen, Middle Dutch boken "to beat") related to poke (v.). Sense of "trespass for the sake of stealing" is first attested 1610s, perhaps via notion of "thrusting" oneself onto another's property, or perhaps from French pocher "to pocket" (see poach (v.2)). Related: Poached; poaching.

"cook in liquid," early 15c., from Old French poché, past participle of pochier (12c.), literally "put into a pocket" (as the white of an egg forms a pocket for the yolk), from poche "bag, pocket," from Frankish *pokka "bag," from Proto-Germanic *puk- (see poke (n.)). Related: Poached; poaching.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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