full of residents or inhabitants, as a region; heavily populated.
jammed or crowded with people: There's no more populous place than Times Square on New Year's Eve.
forming or comprising a large number or quantity: Because of epidemics the tribes are not nearly so populous as they once were.

1400–50; late Middle English populus < Latin populōsus. See people, -ous

populously, adverb
populousness, noun
nonpopulous, adjective
nonpopulously, adverb
nonpopulousness, noun
overpopulous, adjective
overpopulously, adverb
overpopulousness, noun
unpopulous, adjective
unpopulously, adverb
unpopulousness, noun

populace, population, populous.

2. swarming, packed, teeming.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
populous (ˈpɒpjʊləs)
containing many inhabitants; abundantly populated
[C15: from Late Latin populōsus]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1449, from L. populosus (c.160) "full of people, populous," from populus "people."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
It's an area that's populous and more urban, and so it carries less of a musical history.
The media is too sly and the propaganda is too thick for the general populous to decipher the truth.
But the picture in the mixed and highly populous center of the country is, if anything, becoming more complicated.
No other advanced, populous country will see such diversity.
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