[pos-chuh-muhs, -choo-]
arising, occurring, or continuing after one's death: a posthumous award for bravery.
published after the death of the author: a posthumous novel.
born after the death of the father.

1600–10; < Latin postumus last-born, born after the death of the father (in form a superlative of posterus; see posterior); post-classical spelling with h by association with humus ground, earth, as if referring to burial

posthumously, adverb
posthumousness, noun
nonposthumous, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
posthumous (ˈpɒstjʊməs)
1.  happening or continuing after one's death
2.  (of a book, etc) published after the author's death
3.  (of a child) born after the father's death
[C17: from Latin postumus the last, but modified as though from Latin post after + humus earth, that is, after the burial]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1608, "born after the death of the originator" (author or father), from L.L. posthumus, from L. postumus "last, last-born," superlative of posterus "coming after, subsequent." Altered in L.L. by association with L. humare "to bury," suggesting death; the one born after the father's death obviously being
the last.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
It's because of all this posthumous character assassination that I undertook
  the task of setting the record straight.
Now the trend of posthumous publication is seeping from books to movies.
He died before he was able to deliver it, so it was given posthumously by his
Its companion, like the posthumous pieces, has sometimes been rather harshly
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