knowledge of a future event or situation, especially through extrasensory means.
Scots Law.
the examination of witnesses and other parties before a trial in order to supply a legal ground for prosecution.
the evidence established in such an examination.

1400–50; late Middle English < Late Latin praecognitiōn-, s. of praecognitiō; see pre-, cognition

precognitive [pree-kog-ni-tiv] , adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
precognition (ˌpriːkɒɡˈnɪʃən)
psychol clairvoyance See also clairaudience the alleged ability to foresee future events
[C17: from Late Latin praecognitiō foreknowledge, from praecognoscere to foresee, from prae before + cognoscere to know, ascertain]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

"foreknowledge," 1611, from L.L. præcognitio, from L. præcognitus, pp. of præcognoscere "to foreknow," from præ + cognoscere "to know" (see cognizance).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

precognition pre·cog·ni·tion (prē'kŏg-nĭsh'ən)
Knowledge of something in advance of its occurrence, especially by extrasensory perception.

pre·cog'ni·tive adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica


supernormal knowledge of future events, with emphasis not upon mentally causing events to occur but upon predicting those the occurrence of which the subject claims has already been determined. Like telepathy and clairvoyance, precognition is said to operate without recourse to the normal senses and thus to be a form of extrasensory perception (ESP).

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Clairvoyants who possess precognition will likely remain fiction.
The test in telepathy and precognition or whatever and guess what those
  experiments all turn to be absolutely null.
It needs some precognition of what you are going to say.
Either you have demonstrated precognition or you have not.
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