prerogative

[pri-rog-uh-tiv, puh-rog-]
noun
1.
an exclusive right, privilege, etc., exercised by virtue of rank, office, or the like: the prerogatives of a senator.
2.
a right, privilege, etc., limited to a specific person or to persons of a particular category: It was the teacher's prerogative to stop the discussion.
3.
a power, immunity, or the like restricted to a sovereign government or its representative: The royal prerogative exempts the king from taxation.
4.
Obsolete, precedence.
adjective
5.
having or exercising a prerogative.
6.
pertaining to, characteristic of, or existing by virtue of a prerogative.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Latin praerogātīvus (adj.) voting first, praerogātīva (noun use of feminine of adj.) tribe or century with right to vote first. See pre-, interrogative


1. See privilege.
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World English Dictionary
prerogative (prɪˈrɒɡətɪv)
 
n
1.  an exclusive privilege or right exercised by a person or group of people holding a particular office or hereditary rank
2.  any privilege or right
3.  a power, privilege, or immunity restricted to a sovereign or sovereign government
 
adj
4.  having or able to exercise a prerogative
 
[C14: from Latin praerogātīva privilege, earlier: group with the right to vote first, from prae before + rogāre to ask, beg for]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

prerogative
late 14c. (in Anglo-L. from late 13c.), from O.Fr. prerogative (14c.), M.L. prerogativa "special right," from L. prærogativa "prerogative, previous choice or election," originally (with tribus, centuria) "unit of 100 voters who by lot voted first in the Roman comita," prop. fem. of prærogativus
(adj.) "chosen to vote first," from prærogere "ask before others," from præ- "before" + rogare "to ask" (see rogation).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
She may not be interested in being friends, but that's her prerogative.
It's a wonderful idea, true to Goethe but true also to the director's
  prerogative of imaginatively investing a text with life.
It is my prerogative (and yours, and everyone's) to name myself.
But she insists on the prerogative of writing her own biography.
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