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primacy

[prahy-muh-see] /ˈpraɪ mə si/
noun, plural primacies for 2, 3.
1.
the state of being first in order, rank, importance, etc.
2.
Also called primateship. English Ecclesiastics. the office, rank, or dignity of a primate.
3.
Roman Catholic Church. the jurisdiction of a bishop, as a patriarch, over other bishoprics, or the supreme jurisdiction of the pope as supreme bishop.
Origin of primacy
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English primacie < Medieval Latin prīmātia, alteration of Latin prīmātus (prīm(us) prime + -ātus -ate3); see -y3
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British Dictionary definitions for primacy

primacy

/ˈpraɪməsɪ/
noun (pl) -cies
1.
the state of being first in rank, grade, etc
2.
(Christianity) the office, rank, or jurisdiction of a primate or senior bishop or (in the Roman Catholic Church) the pope
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for primacy
n.

late 14c., from Old French primacie (14c., in Modern French spelled primatie) and directly from Medieval Latin primatia "office of a church primate" (late 12c.), from Late Latin primas (genitive primatis) "principal, chief, of the first rank" (see primate).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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