[prahy-meyt or especially for 1, prahy-mit]
Ecclesiastical. an archbishop or bishop ranking first among the bishops of a province or country.
any of various omnivorous mammals of the order Primates, comprising the three suborders Anthropoidea (humans, great apes, gibbons, Old World monkeys, and New World monkeys), Prosimii (lemurs, loris, and their allies), and Tarsioidea (tarsiers), especially distinguished by the use of hands, varied locomotion, and by complex flexible behavior involving a high level of social interaction and cultural adaptability.
Archaic. a chief or leader.

1175–1225; Middle English primat dignitary, religious leader < Late Latin prīmāt- (stem of prīmās), noun use of Latin prīmās of first rank, derivative of prīmus first (see prime); (def 2) taken as singular of Neo-Latin Primates Primates, as if ending in -ate1

primatal, adjective, noun
primatial [prahy-mey-shuhl] , primatical [prahy-mat-i-kuhl] , adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
primate1 (ˈpraɪmeɪt)
1.  any placental mammal of the order Primates, typically having flexible hands and feet with opposable first digits, good eyesight, and, in the higher apes, a highly developed brain: includes lemurs, lorises, monkeys, apes, and man
2.  of, relating to, or belonging to the order Primates
[C18: from New Latin primates, plural of prīmās principal, from prīmus first]

primate2 (ˈpraɪmeɪt)
1.  another name for archbishop
2.  Primate of all England the Archbishop of Canterbury
3.  Primate of England the Archbishop of York
[C13: from Old French, from Latin prīmās principal, from prīmus first]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"high bishop," c.1200, from M.L. primas (gen. primatis) "church primate," from L.L. adj. primas "of the first rank, chief, principal," from primus "first" (see prime (adj.)). Meaning "biological order including monkeys and humans" is 1898, from Mod.L. Primates (Linnæus), from pl. of L. primas so
called from supposedly being the "highest" order of mammals (originally also including bats). Hence, primatology "the study of Primates" (1941).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

primate pri·mate (prī'māt')
A mammal of the order Primates, which includes the anthropoids and prosimians, characterized by refined development of the hands and feet, a shortened snout, and a large brain.

pri·ma'tial (-mā'shəl) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
primate   (prī'māt')  Pronunciation Key 
Any of various mammals of the order Primates, having a highly developed brain, eyes facing forward, a shortened nose and muzzle, and opposable thumbs. Primates usually live in groups with complex social systems, and their high intelligence allows them to adapt their behavior successfully to different environments. Lemurs, monkeys, apes, and humans are primates.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
If not careful in its usual place up in the trees, this primate often wound up
  as an owl's midnight feast.
Today there are twice as many primate species as there were then.
The ability to detect threatening snakes may have shaped the visual system of
  our primate ancestors, a new study says.
Now the growing number of people nearby pose a threat to the furtive primate.
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