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procumbent

[proh-kuhm-buh nt] /proʊˈkʌm bənt/
adjective
1.
lying on the face; prone; prostrate.
2.
Botany. (of a plant or stem) lying along the ground, but not putting forth roots.
Origin
1660-1670
1660-70; < Latin prōcumbent- (stem of prōcumbēns) bending forward, present participle of prōcumbere. See pro-, incumbent
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for procumbent

procumbent

/prəʊˈkʌmbənt/
adjective
1.
Also prostrate. (of stems) growing along the ground
2.
leaning forwards or lying on the face
Word Origin
C17: from Latin prōcumbere to fall forwards; compare incumbent
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for procumbent
adj.

"leaning forward," 1660s, from Latin procumbentem (nominative procumbens), present participle of procumbere "to fall forward, fall prostrate," from pro "forward" (see pro-) + -cumbere "to lie down" (see succumb). Related: Procumbently.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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procumbent in Medicine

procumbent pro·cum·bent (prō-kŭm'bənt)
adj.
Lying face down; prone.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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