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propitiation

[pruh-pish-ee-ey-shuh n] /prəˌpɪʃ iˈeɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the act of propitiating; conciliation:
the propitiation of the wrathful gods.
2.
something that propitiates.
Origin of propitiation
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English propiciacioun < Late Latin propitiātiōn- (stem of propitiātiō) appeasement. See propitiate, -ion
Related forms
nonpropitiation, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for propitiation
Historical Examples
  • That the appropriation to individual sinners of this propitiation is conditioned on personal faith.

    Companion to the Bible E. P. Barrows
  • And He is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.

    Expositions of Holy Scripture Alexander Maclaren
  • This is still done on recovery from sickness, or as a propitiation, and is called a pŭn or dedicatory offering.

    Beast and Man in India John Lockwood Kipling
  • The first passage tells of the propitiation He made for the sins of the people.

    The Work Of Christ A. C. Gaebelein
  • According to Mr. Spencer "the rudimentary form of all religion is the propitiation of dead ancestors."

    History of Religion Allan Menzies
  • There was then no idea of propitiation, of benefits to ensue.

    Religions of Ancient China Herbert A. Giles
  • He read that ‘if any man sin, we have an Advocate with the Father, and He is the propitiation for our sins.’

    Earl Hubert's Daughter Emily Sarah Holt
  • The propitiation with songs and offerings is intended to gratify the demons.

  • "I'm sure some other day would be better," he urged, with an open overture to propitiation in his tone.

    The Market-Place Harold Frederic
  • But seek the propitiation of the Father on high for our son.

    St. Nicholas George H. McKnight
Word Origin and History for propitiation
n.

late 14c., from Late Latin propitiationem (nominative propitiatio) "an atonement," noun of action from past participle stem of Latin propitiare "appease, propitiate," from propitius "favorable, gracious, kind, well-disposed," from pro- "forward" (see pro-) + stem related to petere "to make for, go to; seek, strive after; ask for, beg, beseech, request" (see petition (n.)).

The sense in Latin is perhaps because the word originally was religious, literally "a falling or rushing toward," hence "eager," and, of the gods, "well-disposed." Earliest recorded form of the word in English is propitiatorium "the mercy seat, place of atonement" (c.1200), translating Greek hilasterion.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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propitiation in the Bible

that by which God is rendered propitious, i.e., by which it becomes consistent with his character and government to pardon and bless the sinner. The propitiation does not procure his love or make him loving; it only renders it consistent for him to execise his love towards sinners. In Rom. 3:25 and Heb. 9:5 (A.V., "mercy-seat") the Greek word _hilasterion_ is used. It is the word employed by the LXX. translators in Ex. 25:17 and elsewhere as the equivalent for the Hebrew _kapporeth_, which means "covering," and is used of the lid of the ark of the covenant (Ex. 25:21; 30:6). This Greek word (hilasterion) came to denote not only the mercy-seat or lid of the ark, but also propitation or reconciliation by blood. On the great day of atonement the high priest carried the blood of the sacrifice he offered for all the people within the veil and sprinkled with it the "mercy-seat," and so made propitiation. In 1 John 2:2; 4:10, Christ is called the "propitiation for our sins." Here a different Greek word is used (hilasmos). Christ is "the propitiation," because by his becoming our substitute and assuming our obligations he expiated our guilt, covered it, by the vicarious punishment which he endured. (Comp. Heb. 2:17, where the expression "make reconciliation" of the A.V. is more correctly in the R.V. "make propitiation.")

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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