dry food, as hay or oats, for livestock or other domestic animals; fodder.
food; provisions.

1275–1325; Middle English provendre < Old French, variant of provende prebend, provender < Medieval Latin prōbenda, alteration of praebenda prebend, perhaps by association with Latin prōvidēre to look out for, provide

1. See feed. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
provender (ˈprɒvɪndə)
1.  any dry feed or fodder for domestic livestock
2.  food in general
[C14: from Old French provendre, from Late Latin praebenda grant, from Latin praebēre to proffer; influenced also by Latin prōvidēre to look after]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1306, "allowance paid each chapter member of a cathedral," from Anglo-Fr. provendir, O.Fr. provendier, from Gallo-Romance *provenda, alt. (by influence of L. providere "supply") from L.L. præbenda "allowance, subsistence," from L. præbenda "(things) to be furnished," neut. pl. gerundive
of præbere "to furnish, offer," from præ- "before" + habere "to hold" (see habit). Meaning "food, provisions, etc." (esp. dry food for horses) is recorded from 1340.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The leviathans come in through the extravagant provender, pumping their great
Out here, nothing but stumpy cactus and tumbleweeds and a few old dry bones,
  provender unfit for the dead.
In order to manage an ungovernable beast he must be stinted in his provender.
Whatever game reaches the table is symbolic, a sign of a successful outing
  rather than necessary provender.
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