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prune2

[proon] /prun/
verb (used with object), pruned, pruning.
1.
to cut or lop off (twigs, branches, or roots).
2.
to cut or lop superfluous or undesired twigs, branches, or roots from; trim.
3.
to rid or clear of (anything superfluous or undesirable).
4.
to remove (anything considered superfluous or undesirable).
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English prouynen < Middle French proognier to prune (vines), variant of provigner, derivative of provain scion (< Latin propāgin-, stem of propāgō; see propagate)
Related forms
prunable, adjective
prunability, noun
pruner, noun
unprunable, adjective

prune3

[proon] /prun/
verb (used with object), pruned, pruning.
1.
Archaic. to preen.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English prunen, pruynen, proy(g)nen < Old French poroign-, present stem of poroindre, equivalent to por- (< Latin pro- pro-1) + oindre to anoint (< Latin unguere); see preen1
Related forms
prunable, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for prunable

prune1

/pruːn/
noun
1.
a purplish-black partially dried fruit of any of several varieties of plum tree
2.
(slang, mainly Brit) a dull, uninteresting, or foolish person
Word Origin
C14: from Old French prune, from Latin prūnum plum, from Greek prounon

prune2

/pruːn/
verb
1.
to remove (dead or superfluous twigs, branches, etc) from (a tree, shrub, etc), esp by cutting off
2.
to remove (anything undesirable or superfluous) from (a book, etc)
Derived Forms
prunable, adjective
pruner, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French proignier to clip, probably from provigner to prune vines, from provain layer (of a plant), from Latin propāgo a cutting

prune3

/pruːn/
verb
1.
an archaic word for preen1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for prunable
prune
1345, from O.Fr. pronne "plum" (13c.), from V.L. *pruna, fem. sing. formed from L. pruna, neut. pl. of prunum "plum," by dissimilation from Gk. proumnon, from a language of Asia Minor. Slang meaning "disagreeable or disliked person" is from 1895.
prune
early 15c., prouyne, from O.Fr. proignier "cut back (vines), prune," of unknown origin, perhaps from Gallo-Romance *pro-retundiare "cut in a rounded shape in front," from pro- "forth" + *retundiare "round off," from L. rotundus (see round). The M.E. word may be via falconry term proinen "trim the feather with the beak" (late 14c.), Related to preen (q.v.). Related: Pruned; pruning.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for prunable

prune

noun
  1. A pedantic, stiff, and prudish person; prissy (1895+)
  2. A dehydrated nursing-home patient (1980s+ Medical)
verb

To accelerate faster than another car in a race (1940s+ Hot rodders)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with prunable
see: full of beans , def. 2.
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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12
17
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