|—n , pl -gies|
|1.||analytical psychology clinical psychology comparative psychology educational psychology See also experimental psychology the scientific study of all forms of human and animal behaviour, sometimes concerned with the methods through which behaviour can be modified|
|2.||informal the mental make-up or structure of an individual that causes him or her to think or act in the way he or she does|
psychology psy·chol·o·gy (sī-kŏl'ə-jē)
The science that deals with mental processes and behavior.
The emotional and behavioral characteristics of an individual, a group, or an activity.
|psychology (sī-kŏl'ə-jē) Pronunciation Key
The science dealing with mental phenomena and processes. Psychologists study emotions, perception, intelligence, consciousness, and the relationship between these phenomena and processes and the work of the glands and muscles. Psychologists are also interested in diseased or disordered mental states, and some psychologists provide therapy for individuals. In the United States, however, psychologists, unlike psychiatrists, are not medical doctors. (See psychiatry.)
Note: The two main divisions of psychology are individual or personality psychology and social psychology; social psychology deals with the mental processes of groups.