punishment

[puhn-ish-muhnt]
noun
1.
the act of punishing.
2.
the fact of being punished, as for an offense or fault.
3.
a penalty inflicted for an offense, fault, etc.
4.
severe handling or treatment.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English punysshement < Anglo-French punisement, Old French punissement. See punish, -ment

nonpunishment, noun
overpunishment, noun
prepunishment, noun
propunishment, adjective
repunishment, noun
self-punishment, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
punishment (ˈpʌnɪʃmənt)
 
n
1.  a penalty or sanction given for any crime or offence
2.  the act of punishing or state of being punished
3.  informal rough treatment
4.  psychol any aversive stimulus administered to an organism as part of training

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Punishment definition


The New Testament lays down the general principles of good government, but contains no code of laws for the punishment of offenders. Punishment proceeds on the principle that there is an eternal distinction between right and wrong, and that this distinction must be maintained for its own sake. It is not primarily intended for the reformation of criminals, nor for the purpose of deterring others from sin. These results may be gained, but crime in itself demands punishment. (See MURDER ØT0002621; THEFT.) Endless, of the impenitent and unbelieving. The rejection of this doctrine "cuts the ground from under the gospel...blots out the attribute of retributive justice; transmutes sin into misfortune instead of guilt; turns all suffering into chastisement; converts the piacular work of Christ into moral influence...The attempt to retain the evangelical theology in connection with it is futile" (Shedd).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

punishment

see glutton for punishment.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

punishment

the infliction of some kind of pain or loss upon a person for a misdeed (i.e., the transgression of a law or command). Punishment may take forms ranging from capital punishment, flogging, forced labour, and mutilation of the body to imprisonment and fines. Deferred punishments consist of penalties that are imposed only if an offense is repeated within a specified time.

Learn more about punishment with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
We live in a land where all people are equal, which should include punishment
  for crimes that one commits.
If so, turning pirate might have been his way of escaping punishment when the
  revolt failed.
And when selfish punishment works well, benefit they do.
Contestants tended to eye the barrier respectfully: the punishment for false
  starts was a thrashing from official whip bearers.
Idioms & Phrases
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