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purge

[purj] /pɜrdʒ/
verb (used with object), purged, purging.
1.
to rid of whatever is impure or undesirable; cleanse; purify.
2.
to rid, clear, or free (usually followed by of or from):
to purge a political party of disloyal members.
3.
to clear of imputed guilt or ritual uncleanliness.
4.
to clear away or wipe out legally (an offense, accusation, etc.) by atonement or other suitable action.
5.
to remove by cleansing or purifying (often followed by away, off, or out).
6.
to clear or empty (the bowels) by causing evacuation.
7.
to cause evacuation of the bowels of (a person).
8.
to put to death or otherwise eliminate (undesirable or unwanted members) from a political organization, government, nation, etc.
9.
Metallurgy.
  1. to drive off (undesirable gases) from a furnace or stove.
  2. to free (a furnace or stove) of undesirable gases.
verb (used without object), purged, purging.
10.
to become cleansed or purified.
11.
to undergo or cause purging of the bowels.
noun
12.
the act or process of purging.
13.
the removal or elimination of members of a political organization, government, nation, etc., who are considered disloyal or otherwise undesirable.
14.
something that purges, as a purgative medicine or dose.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; (v.) Middle English purgen < Old French purg(i)er < Latin pūrgāre to cleanse; (noun) Middle English < Old French, derivative of the v.
Related forms
purgeable, adjective
purger, noun
unpurgeable, adjective
unpurged, adjective
Synonyms
8. oust, liquidate, extirpate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for purging
  • There are two different kinds of bulimia:The purging can be vomiting, but it can also be exercise.
  • purging thoughts, sometimes not appropriate to discuss in a country ruled by secret police, helps to bring meaning within chaos.
  • purging suspect officials only to replace them with party placemen is not going to deliver these.
  • But his priorities are moral-eg, purging ex-communists-not economic.
  • But the government may be trying to extend the parliament's life too, purging it of unwanted members.
  • Secondly, there should be some regular process for purging the voter registration lists of people who no longer live in the area.
  • purging generals, career bureaucrats, or any one else who dared speak out against the official line.
  • Kicking them out if no more feasible nor desirable than purging your body of white blood cells.
  • purging officials who ignore prefixes or suffixes can increase the likelihood of erroneous matches.
  • For patients with bulimia, this means maintaining a weight without binging and purging.
British Dictionary definitions for purging

purge

/pɜːdʒ/
verb
1.
(transitive) to rid (something) of (impure or undesirable elements)
2.
(transitive) to rid (a state, political party, etc) of (dissident or troublesome people)
3.
(transitive)
  1. to empty (the bowels) by evacuation of faeces
  2. to cause (a person) to evacuate his bowels
4.
  1. to clear (a person) of a charge
  2. to free (oneself) of guilt, as by atonement: to purge contempt
5.
(intransitive) to be cleansed or purified
noun
6.
the act or process of purging
7.
the elimination of opponents or dissidents from a state, political party, etc
8.
a purgative drug or agent; cathartic
Derived Forms
purger, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French purger, from Latin pūrgāre to purify
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for purging

purge

v.

c.1300, "clear of a charge or suspicion;" late 14c., "cleanse, clear, purify," from Anglo-French purger, Old French purgier "wash, clean; refine, purify" morally or physically (12c., Modern French purger) and directly from Latin purgare "cleanse, make clean; purify," especially of the body, "free from what is superfluous; remove, clear away," figuratively "refute, justify, vindicate" (also source of Spanish purgar, Italian purgare), from Old Latin purigare, from purus "pure" (see pure) + root of agere "to drive, make" (see act (n.)). Related: Purged; purging.

n.

1560s, "that which purges," from purge (v.). Meaning "a purgative, an act of purging" is from 1590s. Political sense from 1730. Earliest sense in English was the now-obsolete one "examination in a legal court" (mid-15c.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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purging in Medicine

purge (pûrj)
v. purged, purg·ing, purg·es
To cause evacuation of the bowels. n.

  1. The act or process of purging.

  2. Something that purges, especially a medicinal purgative.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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