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raisin

[rey-zin] /ˈreɪ zɪn/
noun
1.
a grape of any of various sweet varieties dried in the sun or by artificial means, often used in cookery.
2.
dark purplish blue.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English raisin, reisin < Old French < Vulgar Latin *racīmus, for Latin racēmus raceme
Related forms
raisiny, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for raisin
  • While some truffles can be smaller than a raisin, others can be enormous-and a windfall for their finders.
  • AT last, someone has figured out how to make a truly exceptional oatmeal-raisin cookie.
  • Go old school with rum raisin and frozen pudding, or be au courant with ginger or strawberry cheesecake.
  • It's a popular way to sample a range of dishes, such as tea-scented duck and lobster in a raisin-pistachio puree.
  • Nor does this raisin- and citrus-flecked bread claim a spiritual tie-in.
  • The raisin industry is dynamic and the marketing order's regulations must often be changed to meet the needs of the industry.
British Dictionary definitions for raisin

raisin

/ˈreɪzən/
noun
1.
a dried grape
Derived Forms
raisiny, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French: grape, ultimately from Latin racēmus cluster of grapes; compare Greek rhax berry, grape
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for raisin
raisin
c.1300, from Anglo-Fr. raycin (1278), O.Fr. raisin "grape, raisin," from V.L. *racimus, alteration of L. racemus "cluster of grapes or berries," probably from the same ancient lost Mediterranean language as Gk. rhax (gen. rhagos) "grape, berry."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for raisin

dried fruit of certain varieties of grape. Raisin grapes were grown as early as 2000 BC in Persia and Egypt, and dried grapes are mentioned in the Bible (Numbers 6:3) during the time of Moses. David (Israel's future king) was presented with "a hundred clusters of raisins" (1 Samuel 25:18), probably sometime during the period 1110-1070 BC. Early Greeks and Romans adorned places of worship with raisins, and they were awarded as prizes in sporting events. Until the 20th century the chief raisin producers were Turkey, Iran, and Greece; by mid-century the United States had taken the lead in production, with Australia ranking second. The U.S. raisin industry is located entirely in California, where the first raisin grapes were planted in 1851.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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