resisting authority or control; not obedient or compliant; refractory.
hard to deal with, manage, or operate.
a recalcitrant person.
Origin: 1835–45; < Latinrecalcitrant- (stem of recalcitrāns, present participle of recalcitrāre to kick back), equivalent to re-re- + calcitr(āre) to strike with the heels, kick (derivative of calx heel) + -ant--ant
re·cal·ci·trance, re·cal·ci·tran·cy, noun
Synonyms 1. resistant, rebellious, opposed. See unruly.
1843, from Fr. récalcitrant, lit. "kicking back" (17c.-18c.), pp. of recalcitrare "to kick back," from re- "back" + L. calcitrare "to kick," from calx (gen. calcis) "heel." Verb recalcitrate "to kick out" is attested from 1623; sense of "resist obstinately" is from 1759.