9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[ref-yoo-tey-shuh n] /ˌrɛf yʊˈteɪ ʃən/
an act of refuting a statement, charge, etc.; disproof.
Also, refutal
[ri-fyoot-l] /rɪˈfyut l/ (Show IPA)
Origin of refutation
1540-50; < Latin refūtātiōn- (stem of refūtātiō), equivalent to refūtāt(us) (past participle of refūtāre to refute; see -ate1) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
nonrefutal, noun
nonrefutation, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for refutation
  • Even a strong argument from purely factual premises is open to refutation unless it takes into account all relevant facts.
  • In the face of what a valid science would call a decisive refutation of their hypothesis, they react with: name change.
  • Ah, the one-off observation as refutation of extensive scientific research.
  • Unknown parts of the evidence are not cause for refutation of the theory, they are opportunities for further study.
  • Please provide an example of the thorough refutation to which you have alluded.
  • As they must have anticipated, the essay has run into a firestorm of vituperation and refutation.
  • Scientific methodology depends upon publication and refutation.
  • The beauty of science lies in its perpetual subject to refutation and falsification.
  • Carter himself, however, was the best refutation of the curse.
  • Any views on origins and purpose are mere postulates awaiting refutation based on developments in knowledge.
British Dictionary definitions for refutation


the act or process of refuting
something that refutes; disproof
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for refutation

1540s, from Middle French réfutation (16c.) and directly from Latin refutationem (nominative refutatio) "disproof of a claim or argument," noun of action from past participle stem of refutare (see refute).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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