Government. the principle or system of dividing a city, state, etc., into separate administrative regions.
advocacy of such a principle or system.
a speech form, expression, custom, or other feature peculiar to or characteristic of a particular area.
devotion to the interests of one's own region.
Literature. the theory or practice of emphasizing the regional characteristics of locale or setting, as by stressing local speech.
(often initial capital letter) a style of American painting developed chiefly 1930–40 in which subject matter was derived principally from rural areas.

1880–85; regional + -ism

regionalist, noun, adjective
regionalistic, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
regionalism (ˈriːdʒənəˌlɪzəm)
1.  division of a country into administrative regions having partial autonomy
2.  advocacy of such division
3.  loyalty to one's home region; regional patriotism
4.  the common interests of national groups, people, etc, living in the same part of the world
5.  a word, custom, accent, or other characteristic associated with a specific region
n, —adj

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Example sentences
Nonetheless, it makes no sense to endorse regionalism at the expense of a
  better multilateral system.
Economists have generally been unenthusiastic about regionalism, for two
In the first place, regionalism makes them much more attached to politics on
  the local and provincial level.
Religion is probably less important than regionalism.
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