a reply; answer.
a reply to an answer.
Law. the reply of the plaintiff or complainant to the defendant's plea or answer.
reverberation; echo.
a copy.
the act or process of replicating, especially for experimental purposes.
Genetics. the process by which double-stranded DNA makes copies of itself, each strand, as it separates, synthesizing a complementary strand.

1325–75; Middle English replicacioun < Middle French replication < Latin replicātiōn- (stem of replicātiō) a rolling back, equivalent to replicāt(us) (see replicate) + -iōn- -ion

nonreplication, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
replication (ˌrɛplɪˈkeɪʃən)
1.  a reply or response
2.  law (formerly) the plaintiff's reply to a defendant's answer or plea
3.  biology the production of exact copies of complex molecules, such as DNA molecules, that occurs during growth of living organisms
4.  repetition of a procedure, such as a scientific experiment, in order to reduce errors
5.  a less common word for replica
[C14: via Old French from Latin replicātiō a folding back, from replicāre to unroll; see reply]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., "action of folding back," also "legal reply, rejoinder," from Anglo-Fr. replicacioun, O.Fr. replication, from L. replicationem (nom. replicatio) "a reply, repetition, a folding back," from replicatus, pp. of replicare "to repeat, reply," lit. "to fold back" (see
reply). Meaning "copy, reproduction" first recorded 1690s. Replicate "to make a replica of" is from 1882; specifically of genetic material from 1957.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

replication rep·li·ca·tion (rěp'lĭ-kā'shən)

  1. The act or process of duplicating or reproducing something.

  2. Autoreproduction.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Computing Dictionary

replication definition

database, networking
Creating and maintaining a duplicate copy of a database or file system on a different computer, typically a server. The term usually implies the intelligent copying of parts of the source database which have changed since the last replication with the destination.
Replication may be one-way or two-way. Two-way replication is much more complicated because of the possibility that a replicated object may have been updated differently in the two locations in which case some method is needed to reconcile the different versions.
For example, Lotus Notes can automatically distribute document databases across telecommunications networks. Notes supports a wide range of network protocols including X25 and Internet TCP/IP.
Compare mirror. See also rdist.
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010
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Example sentences
The replication concept stems from the idea that a lot of hedge-fund returns
  are beta, not alpha.
Bacteria and viruses have replication times that can vary from minutes to days,
  evolving new traits quickly.
Fever can play a variety of roles, such as inhibiting pathogen replication.
The cookies also sound tasty and worthy of replication.
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