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reserved

[ri-zurvd] /rɪˈzɜrvd/
adjective
1.
kept or set apart for some particular use or purpose.
2.
kept by special arrangement for some person:
a reserved seat.
3.
formal or self-restrained in manner and relationship; avoiding familiarity or intimacy with others:
a quiet, reserved man.
4.
characterized by reserve, as the disposition, manner, etc.:
reserved comments.
5.
retaining the original color of a surface, especially when decorating portions of the surface with other colors.
Origin
late Middle English
1425-1475
1425-75; late Middle English; see reserve, -ed2
Related forms
reservedly
[ri-zur-vid-lee] /rɪˈzɜr vɪd li/ (Show IPA),
adverb
reservedness, noun
overreserved, adjective
overreservedly, adverb
overreservedness, noun
Synonyms
3, 4. composed, controlled reticent, constrained, taciturn, withdrawn, distant, cold.

re-serve

[ree-surv] /riˈsɜrv/
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), re-served, re-serving.
1.
to serve again.
Origin
1865-70; re- + serve
Can be confused
re-serve, reserve.

reserve

[ri-zurv] /rɪˈzɜrv/
verb (used with object), reserved, reserving.
1.
to keep back or save for future use, disposal, treatment, etc.
2.
to retain or secure by express stipulation.
3.
to set apart for a particular use, purpose, service, etc.:
ground reserved for gardening.
4.
to keep for oneself.
5.
to retain (the original color) of a surface, as on a painted ceramic piece.
6.
to save or set aside (a portion of the Eucharistic elements) to be administered, as to the sick, outside of the Mass or communion service.
noun
7.
Finance.
  1. cash, or assets readily convertible into cash, held aside, as by a corporation, bank, state or national government, etc., to meet expected or unexpected demands.
  2. uninvested cash held to comply with legal requirements.
8.
something kept or stored for use or need; stock:
a reserve of food.
9.
a resource not normally called upon but available if needed.
10.
a tract of public land set apart for a special purpose:
a forest reserve.
11.
an act of reserving; reservation, exception, or qualification:
I will do what you ask, but with one reserve.
12.
Military.
  1. a fraction of a military force held in readiness to sustain the attack or defense made by the rest of the force.
  2. the part of a country's fighting force not in active service.
  3. reserves, the enrolled but not regular components of the U.S. Army.
13.
formality and self-restraint in manner and relationship; avoidance of familiarity or intimacy with others:
to conduct oneself with reserve.
14.
reticence or silence.
adjective
15.
kept in reserve; forming a reserve:
a reserve fund; a reserve supply.
16.
of or pertaining to the animal awarded second place in livestock shows:
the reserve champion steer.
Idioms
17.
in reserve, put aside or withheld for a future need; reserved:
money in reserve.
18.
without reserve,
  1. without restraint; frankly; freely.
  2. (of articles at auction) without limitation as to the terms of sale, especially with no stipulated minimum price.
Origin
1325-75; Middle English reserven (v.) < Middle French reserver < Latin reservāre to keep back, retain, equivalent to re- re- + servāre to save
Related forms
reservable, adjective
reserveless, adjective
nonreservable, adjective
nonreserve, noun, adjective
Can be confused
re-serve, reserve.
Synonyms
1. husband, hold, store. See keep. 8. supply. 14. taciturnity, constraint, coldness.
Antonyms
1. squander. 13, 14. warmth.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for reserved
  • But the biggest surprise of all was reserved for the fourth article in the series.
  • Books were expensive and rare, libraries were reserved for elite scholars and communication was extremely slow.
  • Satellites that track people are no longer reserved for enemies of the state.
  • Apprentice painters would apply background color and decorations, while faces and hands were reserved for master painters.
  • There are shortages of medicines, and the best care is reserved for elites.
  • Jokes aside, the practice of clearly identifying shotguns as reserved for less-lethal projectiles seems to be in favor this year.
  • His risk-taking was reserved for the racecourse, where he was an atavistic gambler.
  • For years people with disabilities have seethed as they watched others illegally take their reserved parking spaces.
  • Loosely wrap reserved peach and nectarine pits in a thick towel.
  • Uncover pan, stir gently, sprinkle with reserved cheese and dot with remaining tablespoon butter.
British Dictionary definitions for reserved

reserved

/rɪˈzɜːvd/
adjective
1.
set aside for use by a particular person or people: this table is reserved
2.
cool or formal in manner; restrained, silent, or reticent
3.
destined; fated: reserved for great things
4.
referring to matters that are the responsibility of the national parliament rather than a devolved regional assembly: defence is a reserved issue
Derived Forms
reservedly (rɪˈzɜːvɪdlɪ) adverb
reservedness, noun

reserve

/rɪˈzɜːv/
verb (transitive)
1.
to keep back or set aside, esp for future use or contingency; withhold
2.
to keep for oneself; retain: I reserve the right to question these men later
3.
to obtain or secure by advance arrangement: I have reserved two tickets for tonight's show
4.
to delay delivery of (a judgment), esp in order to allow time for full consideration of the issues involved
noun
5.
  1. something kept back or set aside, esp for future use or contingency
  2. (as modifier): a reserve stock
6.
the state or condition of being reserved: I have plenty in reserve
7.
a tract of land set aside for the protection and conservation of wild animals, flowers, etc: a nature reserve
8.
(Canadian) Also called reservation. an area of land set aside, esp (in the US and Canada) for American or Canadian Indian peoples
9.
(Austral & NZ) an area of publicly owned land set aside for sport, recreation, etc
10.
the act of reserving; reservation
11.
a member of a team who only plays if a playing member drops out; a substitute
12.
(often pl)
  1. a part of an army or formation not committed to immediate action in a military engagement
  2. that part of a nation's armed services not in active service
13.
coolness or formality of manner; restraint, silence, or reticence
14.
(finance)
  1. a portion of capital not invested (a capital reserve) or a portion of profits not distributed (a revenue or general reserve) by a bank or business enterprise and held to meet legal requirements, future liabilities, or contingencies
  2. (often pl) liquid assets held by an organization, government, etc, to meet expenses and liabilities
15.
without reserve, without reservations; fully; wholeheartedly
Derived Forms
reservable, adjective
reserver, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French reserver, from Latin reservāre to save up, from re- + servāre to keep

re-serve

/riːˈsɜːv/
verb
1.
(transitive) to serve again
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for reserved
adj.

"guarded" (in manner), c.1600, past participle adjective from reserve (v.). Of seats, tables from 1858.

reserve

v.

mid-14c., from Old French reserver "set aside, withhold" (12c.) and directly from Latin reservare "keep back, save up; retain, preserve," from re- "back" (see re-) + servare "to keep, save, preserve, protect" (see observe). Meaning "to book" is from 1935. Related: Reserved; reserving.

n.

"something stored up," 1610s, from reserve (v.) or from French réserve, a Middle French back-formation from reserver. Meaning "self-imposed restraint on freedom of words or actions; habit of keeping back the feelings" is from 1650s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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reserved in Medicine

reserve re·serve (rĭ-zûrv')
v. re·served, re·serv·ing, re·serves

  1. To keep back, as for future use or for a special purpose.

  2. To set or cause to be set apart for a particular person or use.

n.
Something kept back or saved for future use or a special purpose. adj.
  1. Held back, set aside, or saved.

  2. Forming a reserve.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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