residue

[rez-i-doo, -dyoo]
noun
1.
something that remains after a part is removed, disposed of, or used; remainder; rest; remnant.
2.
Chemistry.
a.
residuum ( def 2 ).
b.
an atom or group of atoms considered as a group or part of a molecule.
c.
that part remaining as a solid on a filter paper after a liquid passes through in the filtration procedure.
3.
Law. the part of a testator's estate that remains after the payment of all debts, charges, special devises, and bequests.
4.
Mathematics.
a.
the coefficient of the term with exponent −1 in a Laurent series of a function of a complex variable.
b.
a number related to a given number by a congruence.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English < Middle French residu < Latin residuum what is left over; see residual

residual, residue.


1. remains, residuum. See remainder.
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World English Dictionary
residue (ˈrɛzɪˌdjuː)
 
n
1.  matter remaining after something has been removed
2.  law what is left of an estate after the discharge of debts and distribution of specific gifts
 
[C14: from Old French residu, from Latin residuus remaining over, from residēre to stay behind, reside]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

residue
mid-14c., from O.Fr. residu, from L. residuum "a remainder," neut. of residuus "remaining, left over," from residere "remain behind" (see residence).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

residue res·i·due (rěz'ĭ-dōō', -dyōō')
n.
The remainder of something after removal of parts or a part.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Perc residue also remains on clothes after they are cleaned.
Gut rest for a couple days, liquid or low residue diet along with whatever
  antibiotics you're currently prescribed.
Clean residue before it cures, with alcohol or acetone.
The team found that the top and bottom sections of the core were clear of
  petroleum residue.
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