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retain

[ri-teyn] /rɪˈteɪn/
verb (used with object)
1.
to keep possession of.
2.
to continue to use, practice, etc.:
to retain an old custom.
3.
to continue to hold or have:
to retain a prisoner in custody; a cloth that retains its color.
4.
to keep in mind; remember.
5.
to hold in place or position.
6.
to engage, especially by payment of a preliminary fee:
to retain a lawyer.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English reteinen < Old French retenir < Latin retinēre to hold back, hold fast, equivalent to re- re- + -tinēre, combining form of tenēre to hold
Related forms
retainable, adjective
retainability, retainableness, noun
retainment, noun
nonretainable, adjective
nonretainment, noun
unretainable, adjective
unretained, adjective
unretaining, adjective
Synonyms
1. hold, preserve. See keep.
Antonyms
1. loose, lose. 4. forget.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for retained
  • Alternatively, the species' living relatives might have retained it.
  • The thicker the hair layer, the more heat is retained.
  • Some of the existing plants were retained or relocated.
  • The basic physiology of the brain has been retained over evolutionary time.
  • Only gorillas have retained their reputations intact.
  • In that sense memories may become inaccessible, effectively lost even though they are still retained.
  • Our model retained a distinct aroma of industrial strength soap.
  • It is carefully inspected to be sure that it is intact and no pieces are retained in the uterus.
  • He retained the leaseholds, bought others, and collected the ground rent.
  • We've retained the originally used names and spellings here.
British Dictionary definitions for retained

retain

/rɪˈteɪn/
verb (transitive)
1.
to keep in one's possession
2.
to be able to hold or contain: soil that retains water
3.
(of a person) to be able to remember (information, facts, etc) without difficulty
4.
to hold in position
5.
to keep for one's future use, as by paying a retainer or nominal charge: to retain one's rooms for the holidays
6.
(law) to engage the services of (a barrister) by payment of a preliminary fee
7.
(in selling races) to buy back a winner that one owns when it is auctioned after the race
8.
(of racehorse trainers) to pay an advance fee to (a jockey) so as to have prior or exclusive claims upon his services throughout the season
Derived Forms
retainable, adjective
retainment, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French retenir, from Latin retinēre to hold back, from re- + tenēre to hold
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for retained

retain

v.

late 14c., "hold back, restrain;" c.1400, "continue keeping, keep possession of," from Old French retenir "keep, retain; take into feudal service; hold back; remember" (12c.), from Latin retinere "hold back, keep back, detain, restrain," from re- "back" (see re-) + tenere "to hold" (see tenet). Meaning "keep (another) attached to one's person, keep in service" is from mid-15c.; specifically of lawyers from 1540s. Meaning "keep in the mind" is from c.1500. Related: Retained; retaining.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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