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retribution

[re-truh-byoo-shuh n] /ˌrɛ trəˈbyu ʃən/
noun
1.
requital according to merits or deserts, especially for evil.
2.
something given or inflicted in such requital.
3.
Theology. the distribution of rewards and punishments in a future life.
Origin of retribution
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English retribucioun < Middle French < Late Latin retribūtiōn- (stem of retribūtiō) punishment, reward as result of judgment, equivalent to Latin retribūt(us) (past participle of retribuere to restore, give back; see re-, tribute) + -iōn- -ion
Synonyms
1, 2. retaliation, repayment, recompense. See revenge.
Antonyms
1, 2. pardon.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for retribution

retribution

/ˌrɛtrɪˈbjuːʃən/
noun
1.
the act of punishing or taking vengeance for wrongdoing, sin, or injury
2.
punishment or vengeance
Derived Forms
retributive (rɪˈtrɪbjʊtɪv), (rare) retributory, adjective
retributively, adverb
Word Origin
C14: via Old French from Church Latin retribūtiō, from Latin retribuere to repay, from re- + tribuere to pay; see tribute
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for retribution
n.

late 14c., "repayment," from Old French retribution and directly from Latin retributionem (nominative retributio) "recompense, repayment," noun of action from past participle stem of retribuere "hand back, repay," from re- "back" (see re-) + tribuere "to assign, allot" (see tribute). Originally "that which is given in return for past good or evil;" restricted modern use of "evil given for evil done" (1560s) is from day of retribution (1520s), in Christian theology the time of divine reward or punishment.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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