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rosemary

[rohz-mair-ee, -muh-ree] /ˈroʊzˌmɛər i, -mə ri/
noun, plural rosemaries.
1.
an evergreen shrub, Rosmarinus officinalis, of the mint family, native to the Mediterranean region, having leathery, narrow leaves and pale-blue, bell-shaped flowers, used as a seasoning and in perfumery and medicine: a traditional symbol of remembrance.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English rose mary (by folk etymology, influenced by rose1 and the name Mary) < Latin rōs dew + marīnus marine, or rōs maris dew of the sea (in E the final -s mistaken for plural sign)

Rosemary

[rohz-mair-ee, -muh-ree] /ˈroʊzˌmɛər i, -mə ri/
noun
1.
a female given name.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for rosemary
  • rosemary king took a liking to belle and offered to pay the school fees.
  • rosemary then said they could hold the party at mill cottage.
  • rosemary said she would need their permission before the party could go ahead.
British Dictionary definitions for rosemary

rosemary

/ˈrəʊzmərɪ/
noun (pl) -maries
1.
an aromatic European shrub, Rosmarinus officinalis, widely cultivated for its grey-green evergreen leaves, which are used in cookery for flavouring and yield a fragrant oil used in the manufacture of perfumes: family Lamiaceae (labiates). It is the traditional flower of remembrance
Word Origin
C15: earlier rosmarine, from Latin rōs dew + marīnus marine; modern form influenced by folk etymology, as if rose1 + Mary
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for rosemary
n.

late 14c., earlier rosmarine (c.1300), from Latin rosmarinus, literally "dew of the sea" (cf. French romarin), from ros "dew" + marinus (see marine (adj.)). Perhaps so called because it grew near coasts. Form altered in English by influence of rose and Mary.

Latin ros is from PIE *ers- "to be wet" (cf. Lithuanian rasa, Old Church Slavonic rosa "dew," Sanskrit rasah "sap, juice, fluid, essence," Hittite arszi "flows," and perhaps also Rha, Scythian name of the River Volga (see rhubarb)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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13
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