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1 [rout]
a defeat attended with disorderly flight; dispersal of a defeated force in complete disorder: to put an army to rout; to put reason to rout.
any overwhelming defeat: a rout of the home team by the state champions.
a tumultuous or disorderly crowd of persons.
the rabble or mob.
Law. a disturbance of the public peace by three or more persons acting together in a manner that suggests an intention to riot although they do not actually carry out the intention.
a large, formal evening party or social gathering.
Archaic. a company or band of people.
verb (used with object)
to disperse in defeat and disorderly flight: to rout an army.
to defeat decisively: to rout an opponent in conversation.

1200–50; (noun) Middle English < Anglo-French rute, Old French route a fraction, detachment < Latin rupta, feminine past participle of rumpere to break; (v.) derivative of the noun

3. swarm, horde. 9. overwhelm, overcome, subdue.


[root, rout]
a course, way, or road for passage or travel: What's the shortest route to Boston?
a customary or regular line of passage or travel: a ship on the North Atlantic route.
a specific itinerary, round, or number of stops regularly visited by a person in the performance of his or her work or duty: a newspaper route; a mail carrier's route.
verb (used with object), routed, routing.
to fix the route of: to route a tour.
to send or forward by a particular route: to route mail to its proper destination.
go the route, Informal.
to see something through to completion: It was a tough assignment, but he went the route.
Baseball. to pitch the complete game: The heat and humidity were intolerable, but the pitcher managed to go the route.

1175–1225; Middle English: way, course < Old French < Latin rupta (via) broken (road), feminine past participle of rumpere to break; cf. rout1

misroute, verb (used with object), misrouted, misrouting.
preroute, verb (used with object), prerouted, prerouting.
reroute, verb, rerouted, rerouting.

root, rout, route.

3. beat, circuit.


2 [rout]
verb (used without object)
to root: pigs routing in the garden.
to poke, search, or rummage.
verb (used with object)
to turn over or dig up (something) with the snout.
to find or get by searching, rummaging, etc. (usually followed by out ).
to cause to rise from bed (often followed by up or out ).
to force or drive out.
to hollow out or furrow, as with a scoop, gouge, or machine.

1540–50; alteration of root2; compare Middle Dutch ruten to root out


3 [rout]
verb (used without object) Archaic.
to snore.

before 900; Middle English routen, Old English hrūtan; cognate with Old High German hrūzan


4 [rout, root] Chiefly British Dialect.
verb (used without object), verb (used with object)
to bellow; roar.
a bellow.

1250–1300; Middle English rowten < Old Norse rauta to bellow; akin to Latin rudere

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
rout1 (raʊt)
1.  an overwhelming defeat
2.  a disorderly retreat
3.  a noisy rabble
4.  law a group of three or more people proceeding to commit an illegal act
5.  archaic a large party or social gathering
6.  (tr) to defeat and cause to flee in confusion
[C13: from Anglo-Norman rute, from Old French: disorderly band, from Latin ruptus broken, from rumpere to burst; see route]

rout2 (raʊt)
vb (usually foll by out) (often foll by out)
1.  to dig over or turn up (something), esp (of an animal) with the snout; root
2.  (tr; usually foll by out or up) to get or find by searching
3.  to force or drive out: they routed him out of bed at midnight
4.  to hollow or gouge out
5.  (intr) to search, poke, or rummage
[C16: variant of root²]

route (ruːt)
1.  the choice of roads taken to get to a place
2.  a regular journey travelled
3.  (US) (capital) a main road between cities: Route 66
4.  mountaineering the direction or course taken by a climb
5.  med the means by which a drug or agent is administered or enters the body, such as by mouth or by injection: oral route
vb , routes, routing, routeing, routed
6.  to plan the route of; send by a particular route
usage  When forming the present participle or verbal noun from the verb to route it is preferable to retain the e in order to distinguish the word from routing, the present participle or verbal noun from rout1, to defeat or rout², to dig, rummage: the routeing of buses from the city centre to the suburbs. The spelling routing in this sense is, however, sometimes encountered, esp in American English

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1598, "disorderly retreat," from M.Fr. route "disorderly flight of troops," lit. "a breaking off, rupture," from V.L. rupta "a dispersed group," lit. "a broken group," from L. rupta, fem. pp. of rumpere "to break" (see rupture). The verb is from 1600.

early 13c., from O.Fr. rute "road, way, path," from L. rupta (via) "(a road) opened by force," from rupta, fem. pp. of rumpere "to break" (see rupture). Sense of "fixed or regular course for carrying things" (cf. mail route) is 1792, an extension of the meaning "customary
path of animals" (early 15c.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Computing Dictionary

routing definition

/row'ting/ Using a kind of rotating cutting tool called a router, pronounced /row't*/. In the USA a router, pronounced /row't*/, is also a network device that performs "routing". In the UK, the network device is pronounced /roo't*/ and what it does is spelled "routeing".

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
It will be a few years before the data and computer models are solid enough for
  reliable predictive routing.
It swept ahead of the advancing humans, invading every refuge and routing out
  every last member of many species.
Municipal and domestic sewage and wastewater from farms and industries might be
  routing these chemicals into the water supply.
Chris thinks by staring at his feet and verbally routing ideas through the
  techno-babble in his head.
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