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ruffed

[ruhft] /rʌft/
adjective
1.
displaying or wearing a ruff.
Origin of ruffed
1570-1580
1570-80; ruff1 + -ed2
Related forms
unruffed, adjective

ruff1

[ruhf] /rʌf/
noun
1.
a neckpiece or collar of lace, lawn, or the like, gathered or drawn into deep, full, regular folds, worn in the 16th and 17th centuries.
2.
something resembling such a piece in form or position.
3.
a collar, or set of lengthened or specially marked hairs or feathers, on the neck of an animal.
4.
Ornithology. a species of European and Asian sandpiper, Philomachus pugnax, the male of which has a large erectile ruff of feathers during the breeding season.
Compare reeve3 .
5.
Alaska and Northern Canada. a fringe of fur around the edge of a parka hood or along the edges of a jacket.
verb (used with object)
6.
tease (def 3).
Origin
1515-25; perhaps back formation from ruffle1
Related forms
rufflike, adjective
Can be confused
rough, ruff.

ruff2

[ruhf] /rʌf/ Cards.
noun
1.
an act or instance of trumping when one cannot follow suit.
2.
an old game of cards, resembling whist.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object)
3.
to trump when unable to follow suit.
Origin
1580-90; probably < French ro(u)ffle; cognate with Italian ronfa a card game, probably < German Trumpf trump1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for ruffed
Historical Examples
  • Her hair is undone behind and ruffed in front, her hat is too straight, and her face looks made-up.

  • Now and then, ahead of her, she saw a ruffed grouse wandering in the trail.

    The Flaming Jewel Robert W. Chambers
  • Next comes a ruffed Lemur, as it is called from the half-circle of white hair, which you see on each side of its face.

  • Its food and habits are similar to those of the ruffed Grouse.

  • There were ruffed grouse in the woods, in the creeks were speckled trout in abundance, and my friend rioted among them.

    The Wolf's Long Howl Stanley Waterloo
  • I said at the first that the ruffed Grouse stay with us all the year.

  • There the ruffed grouse struts about and feeds upon the nuts and berries; and there are the squirrels, black, gray and red.

    The Cassowary Stanley Waterloo
  • The ruffed Grouse can easily be detected by the drumming sound which it makes.

    Endurance Test Alan Douglas
  • ruffed grouse and quail very often have been shipped in egg crates, marked "eggs."

    Our Vanishing Wild Life William T. Hornaday
  • Bob-white and ruffed grouse are the fife and drum corps of the woods.

British Dictionary definitions for ruffed

ruff1

/rʌf/
noun
1.
a circular pleated, gathered, or fluted collar of lawn, muslin, etc, often starched or wired, worn by both men and women in the 16th and 17th centuries
2.
(zoology) a natural growth of long or coloured hair or feathers around the necks of certain animals or birds
3.
  1. an Old World shore bird, Philomachus pugnax, the male of which has a large erectile ruff of feathers in the breeding season: family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, etc), order Charadriiformes
  2. the male of this bird Compare reeve3
Derived Forms
rufflike, adjective
Word Origin
C16: back formation from ruffle1

ruff2

/rʌf/
noun (cards)
1.
another word for trump1
2.
an old card game similar to whist
verb
3.
(cards) another word for trump1 (sense 4)
Word Origin
C16: from Old French roffle; perhaps changed from Italian trionfatrump1

ruff3

/rʌf/
noun
1.
another name for roughie1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ruffed

ruff

n.

kind of large collar, stiffly starched, especially common in the seventeenth century, 1520s, originally in reference to sleeves (of collars, from 1550s), probably a shortened form of ruffle.

Card-playing sense is a separate word, from a former game of that name (1580s), from Middle French roffle, earlier romfle (early 15c.), from Italian ronfa, perhaps a corruption of trionfo "triumph" (from French; cf. trump). The game was in vogue c.1590-1630.

v.

in cards, 1760, from ruff (n.). Related: Ruffed; ruffing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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