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[ruhp-cher] /ˈrʌp tʃər/
the act of breaking or bursting:
The flood led to the rupture of the dam.
the state of being broken or burst:
a rupture in the earth's surface.
a breach of harmonious, friendly, or peaceful relations.
Pathology. hernia, especially abdominal hernia.
verb (used with object), ruptured, rupturing.
to break or burst:
He ruptured a blood vessel.
to cause a breach of:
to rupture friendly relations.
Pathology. to affect with hernia.
verb (used without object), ruptured, rupturing.
to suffer a break or rupture.
Origin of rupture
1475-85; < Latin ruptūra (noun), equivalent to rupt(us) (past participle of rumpere to break) + -ūra -ure
Related forms
rupturable, adjective
nonrupturable, adjective
nonrupture, noun
unrupturable, adjective
unruptured, adjective
Can be confused
rapture, rupture.
2. fracture, break, split, burst. 5. fracture, split, disrupt.
2. seam, union. 5. unite. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for rupture
  • As the pressure increases, the eardrum may break open or rupture.
  • In a system that relies on a rupture disk, a valve left in the open position would also be installed.
  • The purpose of all that focused power is brutally obvious: to break bones and rupture tissue.
  • At this point, because the tumor is so large, the skin covering it is stretched quite thin and will soon rupture.
  • Critics say this might disturb the toxic sediment lying on the lake bottom, while ice scouring might rupture the pipe.
  • There have been more than one pipeline rupture because of improper control algorithms.
  • Brick paving laid in geometric patterns is interplanted with ajuga and rupture wort.
  • The increasing accessibility of ideas is more of a progression than a rupture.
  • Any little earthquake, or even random drilling, will rupture the repository and release the gas.
  • Ordinarily, ice crystals rupture the cells of a frozen tissue sample, leaving nothing but freezer-burned goo.
British Dictionary definitions for rupture


the act of breaking or bursting or the state of being broken or burst
a breach of peaceful or friendly relations
  1. the breaking or tearing of a bodily structure or part
  2. another word for hernia
to break or burst or cause to break or burst
to affect or be affected with a rupture or hernia
to undergo or cause to undergo a breach in relations or friendship
Derived Forms
rupturable, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from Latin ruptūra a breaking, from rumpere to burst forth; see erupt
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for rupture

late 14c., originally medical, from Latin ruptura "the breaking (of an arm or leg), fracture," from past participle stem of rumpere "to break," from PIE *reup- "to snatch" (see rip (v.)). Specifically as "abdominal hernia" from early 15c.


1739, from rupture (n.). Related: Ruptured; rupturing. Ruptured duck (1945) was U.S. GI's dismissive term (based on its design) for the discharge button they were awarded.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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rupture in Medicine

rupture rup·ture (rŭp'chər)

  1. The process of breaking open or bursting.

  2. A hernia, especially of the groin or intestines.

  3. A tear in an organ or a tissue.

v. rup·tured, rup·tur·ing, rup·tures
To break open; burst.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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