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Ruthenian

[roo-thee-nee-uh n, -theen-yuh n] /ruˈθi ni ən, -ˈθin yən/
adjective
1.
Also, Ruthene [roo-theen] /ruˈθin/ (Show IPA). of or relating to the inhabitants of Ruthenia, Galicia, and neighboring regions.
noun
2.
one of the Ruthenian people.
3.
the dialect of Ukrainian spoken in Ruthenia.
4.
a member of a former Orthodox religious group that entered into communion with the Roman Catholic Church in 1596 and became the “Uniate Church of the Little Russians.”.
Origin
1840-1850
1840-50; Rutheni(a) + -an
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Ruthenian

Ruthenian

/ruːˈθiːnɪən/
adjective
1.
of or relating to Ruthenia, its people, or their dialect of Ukrainian
noun
2.
a dialect of Ukrainian
3.
a native or inhabitant of Ruthenia
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for Ruthenian
adj.

1850, of or pertaining to the Ukrainian people (earlier Ruthene, 1540s), from Medieval Latin Rutheni "the Little Russians," a derivative of Russi (see Russia). For consonant change, cf. Medieval Latin Prut(h)eni, from Prussi "Prussians." Another word in the same sense was Russniak.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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